May 17, 2022

During the Cold War, the Warsaw Pact (officially called the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance) was a military alliance between the Soviet Union and countries in the former Eastern bloc in Europe. It consisted of both truly independent states and states that, despite formal independence, were de facto ruled by the Soviet Union. Attempts to break out of the pact were brutally thwarted by Soviet military power. The treaty was established as a defense pact against NATO, which had been established in 1949. An important event that led to the formation of the Warsaw Pact was (West) Germany's rearmament and NATO membership. The Pact was signed in Warsaw on 14 May 1955, and entered into force on 5 June 1955. The Soviet Union had previously concluded bilateral defense agreements with most of the member states of the Warsaw Pact. The amendment to a multilateral agreement helped to increase the prestige of the Soviet Union as a superpower internationally.3. November 1956, Hungary's new Prime Minister Imre Nagy declared that Hungary would withdraw from the Warsaw Pact. On November 4, the country was invaded by the Soviet Union. About 30,000 Hungarians were killed, several thousand imprisoned and about 200,000 fled. On the night of August 20-21, 1968, the Warsaw Pact invaded Czechoslovakia to crush Alexander Dubček's new and more liberal government. . It lasted until the end of the Cold War, and the member states began to withdraw in 1991. GDR membership ended in September 1990, just before the country ceased to exist, and the pact was officially dissolved on 1 July 1991.


Soviet Union Albania (until 13 September 1968) Bulgaria Romania Czechoslovakia People's Republic of Poland (until 1 January 1990) Hungary The German Democratic Republic (until September 1990) Albania withdrew from the alliance in 1961 as a result of disagreements between the People's Republic of China and the Soviet Union after the Soviet Union had condemned Joseph Stalin and undergone de-Stalinization. Albania thus continued with Stalin worship.

See also

The Eastern Bloc NATO Vestblokken Seven days to the river Rhine