Wikipedia: Selected Swedish article / 2022


May 22, 2022

Week 1 Nikola Tesla (1856–1943) was an inventor and mechanical and electrical engineer. He was an ethnic Serb and later became a US citizen. Large parts of Tesla's patents and theoretical works formed the basis of modern AC technology, which paved the way for the second industrial revolution. After his demonstration of wireless communication (radio) in 1894 and after winning the "power war", he was widely known as one of the greatest electrical engineers working in America. Because of its eccentric personality and its incredible and sometimes bizarre claims about possible scientific and technological breakthroughs, Tesla was eventually frozen and considered a mad scientist. ► Read more… View history Week 2 Stockholm's government headquarters, the Ministry City, is located on Nedre Norrmalm in Stockholm. In the block's properties, the Government Offices has premises for its various ministries. The first properties in the City of Departments were acquired as early as 1906 (Arvfurstenens palace) and the last in 2019 (Adelswärdska huset). Several buildings have very high cultural-historical values. The age of the building stock extends from the 1640s, when the neighborhood was formed, to the renovations of today. Among the famous buildings in the neighborhood are Arvfursten's palace and Sagerska huset in the Lejonet neighborhood and the Rosenbadkomplexet in the Rosenbad neighborhood. The creation of the Ministry City, which took about 30 years to implement, also illustrates a changed attitude to how urban renewal should be conducted: from total demolition of the building stock and new construction, to conservation and careful refurbishment. Today, there are around 4,000 jobs here. ► Read more… View history Week 3 The Wannsee Conference was a conference between representatives of the NSDAP and the SS and took place on January 20, 1942 in Wannsee, a suburb of Berlin. The conference had been convened and chaired by SS-Obergruppenführer Reinhard Heydrich, head of Nazi Germany's Ministry of Security. Heydrich wanted to inform those present that he had been commissioned by Marshal Hermann Göring in July 1941 to lead and implement "the final solution" (of the Jewish question). The main purpose of the conference was not to decide on the Holocaust - this decision had already been taken, as the massacre in the areas occupied by Nazi Germany in the east had already begun - but to organize the deportation and annihilation of the Jewish population. The Jews who were able to work would be forcibly recruited for the construction of extensive road projects in the east. Heydrich reckoned that in time the forced laborers would die of exhaustion. The Jews who were judged unfit for work were to be killed. The building, in which the conference was held, has housed a Holocaust museum since 1992. ► Read more… View history Week 4 Sydney Central Station is a railway station in Australia. The station was inaugurated in 1906. Most of the state's passenger train lines start from or pass through the station, making it a hub in the state's passenger traffic. Bus and tram stops nearby reinforce its importance for travelers. The number of passengers per weekday in 2012 was 182,100. The station was designed by Gorrie McLeish Blair, and was built in two stages, 1901–1906 and 1915–1921. An extensive expansion took place in 1917–1929 to handle the city's growing commuter train traffic. Since the 1960s, the station has been the subject of refurbishments and restorations, with extensive work carried out in the 1980s and 1990s before the 2000 Summer Olympics. ► Read more… View - history Week 5 The territorial scope of European Union law is laid down in Article 52 of the Treaty on European Union and Article 355 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union. Broadly speaking, Union law is fully applicable in all 27 Member States, as well as in certain territories associated with the European Union. Indirectly applies un