World Health ORganisation
World Health Organization, WHO (World Health Organization) - an organization operating within the United Nations (UN) dealing with health protection. The seat of WHO is in Geneva.
In 1946, the United Nations convened the International Health Conference in New York, where 61 countries ratified the WHO constitution. In 1948, when WHO started its activity, the number of members reached 88. Currently (as of July 2020) 194 countries belong to WHO. In July 2020, the United States officially announced its intention to leave WHO, until July 6, 2021.
The main celebration, organized by WHO every year on April 7, is World Health Day, the anniversary of the 26th ratification in 1948, which meant that the Constitution took effect according to its Art. 80.
WHO Tasks and Objectives
The task of the WHO is to work towards increasing cooperation between countries in the field of health protection and combating epidemics of infectious diseases, as well as setting standards for the composition of medicines and food quality. The organization also aims to provide medical care to the world's population and reduce infant mortality.
One of the greatest successes of this organization is fighting epidemics of dangerous diseases such as smallpox, tuberculosis, malaria, cholera and plague through mass vaccination. WHO is also fighting AIDS.
The structure of WHO includes the World Health Assembly, the Executive Council and Secretariat, and 6 regional offices. WHO's performance is reported on the Official Records of the World Health Organization.
In addition to its headquarters in Geneva, WHO has regional offices: for Africa - in Brazzaville, for the Americas - in Washington, for the South-East. Asia - in New Delhi, for Europe in Copenhagen, for the Mediterranean region - in Cairo, for the West region. Pacific - in Manila.
WHO member states designate delegations to the World Health Assembly - WHO's highest decision-making body. All UN member states can become members of WHO, and according to the information on the WHO website, other states can also be admitted to the Organization if their application is supported by a simple majority of the votes of the World Health Assembly.
Non-UN countries can become associate members with the full spectrum of information, but with limited voting rights. They must first be approved by the Assembly. You can also get observer status.
The Republic of China (Taiwan) was one of the organizing members of the WHO, but was forced to leave the Organization after the People's Republic of China was admitted to the United Nations in 1972 and Taiwan left the Organization. Since 2007, Taiwan has applied for admission to the Organization as a "health entity" annually, but his application was rejected due to pressure from China. China claims Taiwan's sovereignty and takes the position that Taiwan is represented in the Organization's system by China.
Poland has been a WHO member since its inception (April 7, 1948). He is also a member of the Regional Office of the World Health Organization for Europe (WHO EURO) based in Copenhagen. The Polish office was established in July 1992.
The governing authority of WHO is the World Health Assembly, which is represented by all member states and meets annually in Geneva. The Assembly elects an Executive Committee for a period of three years, composed of 34 health experts proposed by the Member States. The task of the Committee is to implement the decisions and guidelines of the Assembly. Usually the meetings of the Assembly are held annually in May. The assembly approves the fin strategy