October 14 is the 287th (288th in leap years) day on the Gregorian calendar. There are 78 days left until the end of the year.
Name days are celebrated by: Alan, Bernard, Burchard, Dominik, Donacjan, Dzierżymir, Fortunat, Fortunata, Gaja, Gajusz, Gaudentius, Gaudenty, Gwendalina, Just, Callistus, Małgorzata, Parascewa, Rustyk, Rustyka and Witalia.
The Orthodox Church of Ukraine, the Polish Autocephalous Orthodox Church - the Day of the Protection of the Most Holy Mother of God (Pokrowa)
Georgia - St. Tskhoveli Church Day
Yemen - Anniversary of the Revolution of 1963
Poland - National Education Day (former Teacher's Day)
International - World Standards Day (on the initiative of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) in cooperation with the Polish Committee for Standardization)
Memories and holidays in the Catholic Church are celebrated by:
st. Burchard of Würzburg (bishop)
st. Fortunata (martyr)
st. Just of Lyon († IV century, Bishop of Lyon)
st. Callixtus I (Pope and Martyr)
st. Margaret Maria Alacoque (virgin)
bl. Radzim Gaudenty (bishop) (also October 12)
Events in Poland
1140 - Pope Innocent II confirmed with a protection bull the Pomeranian bishopric with its seat in Wolin (later Kamień Pomorski).
1413 - The Grand Master of the Teutonic Order, Heinrich V von Plauen, was overthrown by the Grand Marshal and Commander of Królewiec, Michael Küchmeister von Sternberg, a supporter of further agreements with Poland, who became the new head of the order.
1587 - The troops claiming the Polish throne of Maximilian III Habsburg began the siege of Krakow.
1660 - IV Polish-Russian War: the Battle of Cudnowo begins.
1672 - IV Polish-Turkish war: the successful expedition to the Tatar chambels of hetman Jan Sobieski ended.
1676 - IV Polish-Turkish War: the unsettled battle at Żurawno ended.
1704 - Northern War III: the Saxon army, together with the Polish mass army, began a siege of Poznań occupied by the Swedes.
1767 - Russian envoy Nikolai Repnin, in order to break the resistance and terrorize Polish envoys against the equality of dissenters and the conclusion of a guarantee treaty between the Republic of Poland and the Russian Empire, ordered Russian troops to kidnap the leaders of the Radom confederation: the bishop of Kraków Kajetan Sołtyk, the Polish bishop Andrzej Załuski, the Polish bishop Andrzej Zaluski, Wacław Rzewuski and his son Seweryn, and then sent them to Kaługa, where they stayed until 1773. Deprived of opposition, the Seym passed cardinal laws in February 1768 and accepted the Russian guarantee. The Republic of Poland thus became a protectorate of the Russian Empire.
1773 - The Partition Sejm established the National Education Commission, the first European educational authority in the form of a modern ministry of public education.
1793 - The Grodno Seym, terrorized by the Russian army, accepted the draft of the perpetual Polish-Russian alliance written by Catherine II the Great.
1861 - Count Karol Lambert, the Russian governor, imposed martial law on the territory of the Kingdom of Poland.
1919 - The Prussian Sejm adopted a resolution to divide German Silesia into the provinces: Lower Silesia with the capital in Wrocław and Upper Silesia with the capital in Opole.
21 people were murdered by the Germans during the pacification of the village of Otrocz in the Lublin region.
In the area of the Arms Factory in Radom, the Germans hanged 26 of its employees.
A prisoner revolt broke out in the German death camp in Sobibór.
In Wielka Wieś near Końskie, as a result of treason, 2nd Lt. Cichociemny Waldemar Szwiec, commander of the 2nd Home Army Partisan Grouping "Ponury" and soldiers of his cover post: Ranger Piotr Downar, Rifleman Janusz Rychter and platoon. cadet Stanisław Wolf. Severely injured senior rifleman Grażyna Śni