Events in Poland
a small detachment of the Bar Confederates under the command of the French Charles Joseph Hyacinthe Vioménil took the Wawel Castle.
The Bar Confederates failed in the Battle of Doroszewicze on the Pripyat River.
April 24 - the capitulation of the Bar Confederates to the Russian troops in the besieged Wawel.
May 14 - First Partition of Poland: Austrian troops crossed the Polish border.
June 9 - First Partition of Poland: Austrian troops captured Wieliczka.
June 12 - First Partition of Poland: Austrian troops captured Krosno.
August 5 - First Partition of Poland: Three partition treaties between Russia, Prussia and Austria were signed in St. Petersburg, setting the boundaries of the partition.
July 1 - Gdańsk: the Nowy Port district was established.
August 18 - the Bar Confederates surrendered the Jasna Góra fortress to the Russian army.
September - Otto Magnus von Stackelberg became an extraordinary envoy and Russian minister plenipotentiary in the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
November 29 - the defense of the monastery ended. barefoot Carmelites in Zagórze, the last battle in the Bar Confederation.
The Austrians, following the provisions of the partition treaty, occupied the right bank of the Vistula near Krakow.
Silver and lead mines are established in Jaworzno, then zinc and iron ore. In the following years, hard coal mines are established, where coal is mined to this day.
The first street lamps appear in Warsaw.
Nałęczów was founded.
Błaszki received city rights.
February 10 - Franz Josef I of Liechtenstein became Prince of Liechtenstein.
February 12 - French sailor Yves Joseph de Kerguelen-Trémarec discovered the archipelago named after him.
February 17 - The Russo-Prussian pact regarding the partition of Poland was signed in St. Petersburg. Austria joined the pact later.
April 28 - In Denmark, the German doctor, Danish minister and Queen Karolina Matilda's lover Johann Friedrich Struensee and his associate Enevold Brandt were executed.
May 29 - Gustav III was crowned King of Sweden.
July 13 - James Cook sets out on an expedition to find a hypothetical continent known as Terra Australis.
August 19 - King Gustav III of Sweden carried out a bloodless coup, introducing enlightened absolutism in the country.
August 21 - The assembly of the Swedish states passed an act imposed by Gustav III limiting the role of the Riksdag.
November 6-8 - Sea Battle of Patras. Development of laughing gas (N2O).
The Danish Carsten Niebhur compiles and publishes another copy of the Persepolis inscription.
Johann Georg Albrechtsberger becomes a court organist in Vienna.
Discovery of libration points by Pierre Simon de Laplace.
Jean-Jacques Rousseau issues Notes on the Polish Government.
They were born
January 4 - Caesar Augustus Rodney, American politician, Senator from Delaware (died 1824)
George Murray, British military, politician associated with the Tories and the Conservative Party, minister (died 1846)
Gerhard von Kügelgen, German painter (died 1820)
February 13 - Henriette Hendel-Schütz, German actress (died 1849)
February 24 - William H. Crawford, American politician, senator from Georgia (died 1834)
March 10 - Friedrich Schlegel, German poet (died 1829)
April 7 - Charles Fourier, French philosopher (died 1837)
April 15 - Étienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French zoologist, comparative anatomist, one of the greatest thinkers in the field of theoretical biology (died 1844)
April 19 - David Ricardo, British economist (died 1823)
April 25 - James Burrill Jr., American politician, Rhode Island Senator (died 1820)
May 2 - Novalis, German poet (died 1801)
May 9 - Jan Wrona, Polish pastor, translator (died 1814)
May 14 - William Keppel, 4th Earl of Albemarle, British aristocrat and politician (died 1849)
June 6 - Maria Teresa of Bourbon-Sicilian, Empress