Events in Poland
January 1 - solemn dedication of the Church of St. Peter and Paul in Lachowice.
April 14 - Franciszek Wielopolski became the first president of Krakow.
April 16 - Ignacy Wyssogota Zakrzewski became the first mayor of Warsaw.
April 27 - a confederation was established in St. Petersburg under Russian control, which was only announced in Targowica on the Sivucha river on May 14. It was created by magnates dissatisfied with the reforms of the Great Sejm and wishing to restore the old order.
May 2 - the Evangelical-Augsburg cemetery in Warsaw was established.
May 14 - in Targowica nad Siwucha, the formation of a confederation against the reforms of the Great Sejm by Polish magnates was announced.
Catherine II issued a manifesto against the authorities of the Republic of Poland.
Russian troops entered the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, the Polish-Russian war began (the Second Partition of Poland).
May 20 - The Powązki Cemetery in Warsaw was opened and consecrated.
May 26 - Polish-Russian war: defeat of Lithuanian troops in the Battle of Opsa.
May 29 - the sessions of the Great Sejm were suspended.
After the occupation of Krakow by the Russian army, a solemn votive was held in St Mary's Church to celebrate the victory of Targowica.
June 1 - Polish-Russian war: the commander-in-chief of the Lithuanian army, Prince Ludwik Wirtemberski, was dismissed, who was proven treason and acted in favor of the Russian army.
June 10 - Polish-Russian war: victory of the Lithuanian army in the Battle of Stołpce.
June 11 - Polish-Russian war: defeat of the Lithuanian army in the Battle of Mir.
June 14 - Polish-Russian war: the defeat of the Poles in the Battle of Boruszkowce.
June 18 - Polish-Russian war: the victorious battle of Zieleniec, Fr. Józef Poniatowski over the Russian troops.
June 22 - Stanisław August Poniatowski established the Order of Virtuti Militari to celebrate the victory at Zieleniec.
June 25 - the Order of Virtuti Militari was awarded for the first time in Ostrog in Volhynia. They decorated 15 officers and soldiers who took part in the victorious battle of Zieleniec against the Russians.
July 4 - Polish-Russian war: the victory of the Russians in the Battle of Zelwa.
July 14 - Polish-Russian war: the victory of the Russians in the Battle of Wojszki.
July 18 - Polish-Russian war: the undecided battle of Polish troops under the command of Tadeusz Kościuszko against the Russian army at Dubienka.
King Stanisław August Poniatowski's accession to Targowica ended the Polish-Russian war in defense of the constitution on May 3.
Polish-Russian war: defeat of the Lithuanian troops in the Battle of Brest.
July 24 - Polish-Russian war: victory of Lithuanian troops in the Battle of Krzemień.
September 12 - Maciej Bajer became the president of Krakow. The first hard coal mine was established in Jaworzno.
Walerian Bogdanowicz proposed the takeover by the state treasury of some of the landed estates belonging to the Polish clergy and subjecting the seminars to the control of the National Education Commission.
January 9 - A peace treaty between the Russian Empire and the Ottoman Empire was signed in Iasi. Turkey lost Jedysan and recognized the annexation of the Crimean Khanate by Russia and Russian sovereignty over Georgia.
March 16 - King of Sweden Gustav III was shot at a masked ball (he died on March 29).
March 20 - The Legislative Assembly established guillotine as the only form of capital punishment in the First Republic.
March 29 - Gustav IV Adolf became king of Sweden. On March 29, 1809, he was forced to abdicate after the defeats of war and the loss of Finland to Russia.
April 2 - The US Congress passed the Coinage Act establishing the United States Mint.
April 20 - French Legislative Assembly declared war on Austria. The Franco-Austrian war broke out. Prussia joined Austria, and the following year, Great Britain, Holland, His