Events in Poland
January 4 - The Industrial School for Poor Jewish Girls was established in Wrocław.
May 6 - The Rossie Cemetery was opened in Vilnius. Izabela Czartoryska founded the Temple of the Sybil in Puławy, i.e. a museum of national memorabilia.
Krakow formally became the capital of Western Galicia.
A political treatise by Józef Pawlikowski, entitled Can Poles achieve independence?
Franz Karl Achard launched the first sugar factory in the world producing sugar from beets in the village of Konary (Lower Silesia).
1st of January
the first asteroid was discovered - Ceres. The discoverer - Italian astronomer Giuseppe Piazzi from the Palermo Observatory - repeated the observations the next day (he was unsure due to the buzzing in his head) and confirmed the presence of the object.
the kingdom of Ireland was incorporated into the kingdom of Great Britain, creating the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
January 18 - Russia annexed eastern Georgia.
February 9 - France and Austria sign peace at Lunéville.
February 17 - Thomas Jefferson is elected 3rd President of the United States. In the Electoral College vote, Jefferson and Aaron Burr both received the same number of votes and was elected for the first time by the House of Representatives.
February 28 - Putilovsk Works in St. Petersburg were established; one of the largest machine factories in the Russian Empire.
March 4 - Thomas Jefferson became the 3rd President of the United States.
March 8-22 - Napoleon's expedition to Egypt: Franco-British Battle of Canopa.
March 10 - the first census took place in Great Britain.
March 17 - Henry Addington's cabinet was established in Great Britain.
March 21 - Napoleon Bonaparte creates the puppet Kingdom of Etruria in central Italy.
March 23 - Emperor of Russia Paul I Romanov was murdered in a palace coup d'état, he was replaced by his son Alexander I Romanov.
March 28 - The premiere of the ballet Creatures of Prometheus with music by Ludwig van Beethoven took place in Vienna.
April 2 - Second Anti-French Coalition: Great Britain defeated the Danish-Norwegian fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen.
April 8 - 128 Jews were murdered in the pogrom in Bucharest.
May 5 - The French Army of the Rhine was disbanded.
May 6 - the crew of the British ship HMS Speedy attacked and captured the larger and more heavily armed Spanish El Gamo in the Mediterranean Sea.
May 10 - Berber pirates from Tripoli declared war on the US.
June 17 - England and Russia signed a friendship convention.
June 27 - Napoleon's expedition to Egypt: the French garrison capitulated in Cairo to the Turkish-British troops.
July 15 - France and the Holy See concluded a concordat.
September 24 - Georgia joined Russia.
October 7 - Napoleon Bonaparte formed an Expeditionary Force that was sent to San Domingo to suppress the Mulatto uprising.
October 8 - a peace agreement between France and Russia was signed in Paris
November 26 - English chemist Charles Hatchett discovered the chemical element niobium. Napoleon Bonaparte signed a concordat with the Holy See.
Briton, Capt. R.B. Allardice ran 110 miles (177.028 km) in 19.27.50 seconds.
They were born
January 20 - Hippolyte Bayard, French photographer and photography pioneer (died 1887)
January 31 - Piotr Ściegienny, Catholic priest, Polish independence activist and peasant leader (died 1890)
February 21 - Jan Henryk Newman, English Filipino, Cardinal, Blessed Catholic (died 1890)
February 28 - Maciej Wołonczewski (letter Motiejus Valančius), writer, historian, ethnographer, bishop of Żmudj (died 1875)
March 14 - Kristjan Jaak Peterson, Estonian poet and linguist, considered the creator of Estonian literature (died 1822)
March 27 - Alexander Barrow, American politician, senator from the State of Louisiana (died 1846)
April 5 - Vi