Events in Poland
January 1 - the world premiere of Adam Mickiewicz's drama, The Confederates of Bar, took place in Krakow.
January 2 - the first edition of "Kurier Poznański" was released
February 16 - the statute of the Academy of Learning in Krakow was approved.
May 26 - The double-track railway line Inowrocław-Bydgoszcz was opened.
October 27 - the double-track railway connecting Chorzów and Tarnowskie Góry was put into use. The Prussian state took over the supervision of the education, which initiated its Germanization in the Prussian partition.
The Publishing House of the Apostolate of Prayer was established.
January 12 - John IV became the Emperor of Ethiopia.
March 1 - USA: Yellowstone National Park established.
March 4 - The Spanish founded the city of Puerto Princesa on the Philippine island of Palawan.
March 5 - American George Westinghouse obtains a patent for a railroad air brake.
16 March - in the first ever FA Cup final match for Wanderers F.C. defeated Royal Engineers A.F.C. 1: 0.
April 3 - Canadian astronomer James Craig Watson discovered the asteroid (119) Althaea.
April 10 - French astronomer Alphonse Borrelly discovered the asteroid (120) Lachesis.
April 13 - American physician George Huntington first described a disease later called Huntington's Disease in a medical journal.
April 24 - eruption of Vesuvius.
May 18 - the first horse-drawn trams set off in Leipzig.
June 14 - Trade unions are legalized in Canada.
June 22 - tram communication was launched in Moscow.
July 18 - Secret voting in parliamentary elections was introduced in Great Britain.
August 5 - The Congregation of the Daughters of Mary Help of Christians was established.
September 18 - Oscar II became the king of Sweden and Norway.
November 30 - football: Glasgow was the venue for their first official inter-state match, in which Scotland drew a goalless draw against England.
József Szlávy became Prime Minister of Hungary.
The crew of the British brig Dei Gratia spotted the drifting American ship Mary Celeste, as it turned out without a crew that was never found. Foundation of the University of Kolozsvár, today's University of Szeged.
Opening of the Tbilisi - Poti railway line.
They were born
6 January - Aleksandr Skriabin (Russian Алекса́ндр Никола́евич Скря́бин), Russian pianist and composer (died 1915)
January 9 - Maria Klara Nanetti, Italian missionary, martyr, Catholic saint (died 1900)
Wilfred Baddeley, British tennis player (died 1929)
Béla Hajts, Slovak teacher, tourist and tourist activist, author of the name "Slovak Paradise" (died 1926)
January 15 - Henryk Zemanek, Polish Major General (died 1936)
January 16 - Paul Manna, Italian Catholic priest, founder of the Pontifical Missionary Union, missionary, blessed (died 1952)
January 18 - Edward Komar, Polish Catholic priest, auxiliary bishop of Tarnów (died 1943)
28 January - Andrija Radović, Montenegrin politician, two-time prime minister (died 1947)
5 February - Wiktoria Niegolewska, Polish landowner, national activist, honorary member of the Silesian Insurgents Union (died 1927)
February 10 - Jan Radtke, the first Polish mayor of Gdynia (died 1958)
February 12 - Theodoor Hendrik van de Velde, Dutch gynecologist and sexologist (died 1937)
3 March - Artur Markowicz, Polish painter, lithographer of Jewish origin (died 1934)
5 March - Ludwik Szczepański, Polish writer, publicist, journalist, poet (died 1954)
March 10 - Henri Arthus, French sailor, Olympic medalist (died 1962)
Bogusław Butrymowicz, Polish poet, translator, literary historian (died 1965)
Louis Muskens, Dutch neurologist (died 1937)
March 19 - Zygmunt Marek, Polish politician, Deputy Speaker of the Sejm (died 1931)
March 31 - Aleksandra Kołłontaj (Russian Алекса́ндра Миха́йловн