1947

Article

January 23, 2022

Events in Poland

1st of January: Piekary Śląskie and Świętochłowice were granted municipal rights. Szopienice together with the housing estates lying within its borders, such as Dąbrówka Mała, Janów and Giszowiec, were granted municipal rights. January 4 - The trial of WiN commanders, including Franciszek Niepokólczycki, began in Warsaw. January 8: The premiere of Leonard Buczkowski's film entitled Forbidden Songs, the first feature film made in Poland after the war. the second trial of the Stutthof staff began before the District Court in Gdańsk. January 11 - the spouses Irène Joliot-Curie and Frederic Joliot-Curie came to Poland. January 17: The National National Council was dissolved. the MKS Myszków football club was established. January 19 - the elections to the Legislative Seym, rigged by the then authorities, took place. January 31 - the second trial of the Stutthof crew ended in front of the District Court in Gdańsk. 10 of the accused were sentenced to death, 14 to imprisonment from 3 years to life imprisonment. February 1 - Szczecin University of Technology was established. February 3 - a sentence was passed in the trial of 10 leaders of the First Main Directorate of the WiN, the list of convicts included, among others: Marian Gołębiewski - the death penalty, Jan Rzepecki, Antoni Sanojca and Emilia Malessa (8 out of 10 defendants were awarded the Virtuti Militari order). February 4 - the first session of the Legislative Sejm began (1947–1952). Władysław Kowalski became the Marshal of the Seym, and Bolesław Bierut became the President. February 5: The Seym elected Bolesław Bierut as president of the Republic of Poland. the Provisional Government of National Unity has ended. amnesty was announced. February 6 - The Legislative Sejm appointed Józef Cyrankiewicz as Prime Minister. February 15 - Lt. Col. Stanisław Kasznica, the last commander of the National Armed Forces, was arrested by the Ministry of Public Security. February 17 - The Polish Academy of Learning resumed its activity in Krakow. February 19 - The Legislative Sejm adopted the Small Constitution. February 21 - the commander of the anti-communist partisan unit Józef Kuraś (aka "Ogień"), after being surrounded by the KBW operational group in Ostrowsko near Nowy Targ and unsuccessful attempts to get out of the encirclement, tried to commit suicide in the attic of one of the rural cottages. He died shortly after midnight on February 22 in a hospital in Nowy Targ. February 22 - amnesty announced, releasing over 26,000 people. prisoners, then about 30,000 were revealed. underground soldiers (who were soon sent back to prisons). February 24 - the trial of members of the occupation authorities of Warsaw ended before the Supreme National Tribunal. February 26 - he took the position of the Navy commander. Włodzimierz Steyer. March 3 - The Supreme National Tribunal in Warsaw pronounced sentences in the trial of former high representatives of the Nazi authorities of the capital. Ludwig Fischer, Max Daume and Josef Meisinger were sentenced to death and Ludwig Leist to 8 years' imprisonment. March 10 - Poland and Czechoslovakia signed a friendship treaty. March 11 - the trial of the commandant of the Auschwitz-Birkenau camp, Rudolf Hoess, began before the Supreme National Tribunal in Warsaw. 14 March - the name of the town and commune of Rychwałd was changed to Bogatynia. March 15 - Brańsk in Podlasie was captured by partisans of the Home Army 6th Vilnius Brigade. March 23 - LWD Żak flew. March 28 - Deputy Minister of National Defense, General Karol Świerczewski, died in an ambush of the UPA unit near Baligród. The death of the general was one of the reasons for the commencement of Operation Vistula against the Ukrainian population and partisans. April 1: General Karol Świerczewski was buried. 29 WOP soldiers were killed in a UPA ambush near Łubny in the Bieszczady Mountains. April 2 - Rudolf Höß, k

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