June 23

Article

July 5, 2022

June 23 is the 174th (175th in leap years) day in the Gregorian calendar. There are 191 days left until the end of the year.

Holidays

Name days are celebrated by: Agrippina, Albin, Anna, Aristocles, Athanasius, Edeltrude, Jan, Józef, Maria, Sydonia, Wanda, Zenon and Zeno. Feast of John, St. John, Midsummer Night on June 23/24 (traditional Kupala Night, also known as Midsummer Night, is celebrated on the night of June 21-22): Denmark - Sankthans (Saint John) Lithuania - Joninės (St. John's Day) Latvia - Līgo Poland - coll. midsummer night, cultural events referring to Kupala Night Estonia - Victory Day Luxembourg - Birthday of the Grand Duke International (set up by the United Nations General Assembly): Public Service Day (since 2002) International Widows' Day (since 2011) Nicaragua, Uganda and Poland - Father's Day Memories and holidays in the Catholic Church: St. John (Midsummer Night), a Catholic holiday of June 23-24 st. Joseph Cafasso (presbyter) bl. Maria Rafaela Cimatti (nun) st. Tomasz Garnet (Jesuit) Maria of Oignies (beguine)

Events in Poland

1262 - Lithuanians captured and burned Jazdów. Duke of Mazovia Siemowit I was killed in the fight, and his son Konrad was captured. 1264 - The victory of the Polish army over the Yotvingians in the battle of Brańsk. 1758 - Stanisław Leszczyński granted Uszacz the Magdeburg Law and the town coat of arms. 1764 - The deliberations of the Convocation Seym, convened to prepare for the election of Stanisław August Poniatowski, ended. 1767 - The Confederation of Radom was established. 1771 - The Confederates of Bar defeated the royal army in the Battle of Widawa. 1818 - In the crypt of St. Leonard in Wawel, Tadeusz Kościuszko's funeral took place again. 1828 - The construction of the citadel of the Poznań Fortress began. 1873 - A horse-drawn tram was launched in Gdańsk. 1905 - Stefan Aleksander Okrzeja, a PPS fighter, was sentenced to death by a court in Warsaw. 1913 - The City Museum in Szczecin was opened. 1920 - The first government of Władysław Grabski was established. 1923 - The Civil State Order of the Cross of Merit was established. 1929 - The Polish men's field hockey team lost in Poznań in their first official match with Czechoslovakia 0: 4. 1936 - On the night of June 22-23, Myślenice was captured by a group of about 70 members of the National Party from Krakow under the leadership of Adam Doboszyński. After the telephone line was cut and the police station was seized, the attackers burned down a number of Jewish shops in the market square and the synagogue, and in the morning they withdrew from the city. In clashes with the police and border guards pursuing the militants, two of them were killed and one was injured. 1941: The first Soviet bombing raid on Warsaw took place. On the night of June 23-24, NKVD officers began a massacre of people detained in prisons in Dubno and Oszmiana, and in arrest in Sądowa Vishnia. In the prison in Lutsk, NKVD officers murdered nearly 2,000. Ukrainians and Poles. 1942 - During the liquidation of the psychiatric hospital in Kobierzyn, the Germans carried out a mass murder and treacherously transported patients to the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp. 1943 - The second stage of the displacement and pacification action begins in the Zamość region 1944: The 5th Vilnius Brigade of the Home Army, in retaliation for the killing of 38 Poles in Glinciszki by the Lithuanian police three days earlier, massacred 27 people in the village of Dubinki, inhabited mainly by Lithuanians. The Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland in Exile Stanisław Mikołajczyk finally rejected Joseph Stalin's ultimatum regarding the "reorganization" of the Polish authorities in London as violating the sovereignty of the Polish state. The ultimatum provided for the resignation of the President of the Republic of Poland, Władysław Raczkiewicz, the Commander-in-Chief of General Kazimierz Sosnkowski, Minister of Defense General Marian Kukiel and Minister of Information Stanisław