24th of June
June 24 is the 175th (176th in leap years) day in the Gregorian calendar. 190 days remain until the end of the year.
Name days are celebrated by: Danuta, Emilia, Jan, Janina, Jan the Baptist, Janisław, Jarosław, Longin, Longina, Romuald, Romuald, Symplicjusz, Symplicy, Theodulf and Wilhelm
St. John (Midsummer Night), a Catholic holiday celebrated on the night of June 23-24; the traditional Kupala Night is celebrated on the night of June 21-22
Andorra, Estonia, Lithuania, Latvia, Quebec - St. John
Former Inti Raymi festival in the Inca Empire
Poland - World Osteoporosis Day (since 1964 the holiday of the blind) (the actual World Osteoporosis Day, established by IOF, is celebrated on October 20)
Peru - Indian Day
Venezuela - Anniversary of the Battle of Carabobo
Memories and holidays in the Catholic Church are celebrated by:
st. John the Baptist (Birth of St. John the Baptist)
st. María Guadalupe García Zavala (Lupita's mother, a nun)
st. Rumold of Mechelen
st. Simplicius of Autun (bishop)
Events in Poland
972 - Mieszko I defeated in the battle of Cedynia the army of margrave of Lusatia Hodon.
1298 - A secret agreement was concluded in Kościan, under which the Archbishop of Gniezno, Jakub Świnka, and the church hierarchy, in exchange for the great privilege of freedom, undertook to support Henryk III Głogowski. Later, the bishop of Poznań, Andrzej Zaremba, put a curse on Władysław Łokietek.
1523 - Andrzej Krzycki made an ingress to the Przemyśl cathedral.
1551 - The Queen of Poland and the Grand Duchess of Lithuania, Barbara Radziwiłłówna, are buried in the Vilnius cathedral.
1575 - In Krakow, a fanatized crowd desecrated a Protestant cemetery.
1607 - Participants of the Zebrzydowski rebellion announced the dethronement of King Sigismund III Vasa in the camp near Jeziorna.
1651 - A peasant uprising led by Aleksander Kostka-Napierski, Stanisław Łętowski and Marcin Radocki was suppressed in Podhale.
1657 - The first service was held in the Church of Peace in Świdnica.
1698 - The great fire of Mrągowo.
1759 - The great fire of Trzcianka in Greater Poland.
1794 - Kościuszko Insurrection: the victory of the insurgents over the Prussian army in the Battle of Osowiec.
1897 - Zygmunt Noskowski's Steppe premiere, the first Polish symphonic poem.
1905 - The Lodz Uprising was suppressed.
1922 - The Higher Mining Office was established with its seat in Katowice.
1923 - Romanian King Ferdinand I Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen and his wife arrived in Warsaw for a six-day official visit.
1925 - The parliamentary club of the Belarusian Peasants-Workers Hromada was established.
1930 - The 3rd German Games ended at the Olympic Stadium in Wrocław.
NKVD prison massacres: evacuations of NKVD prisons in Berezwecz and Vileyka, the consequences of which were the so-called "Death marches": Berezwecz-Taklinowa, during which about 1–2 thousand people died prisoners and Wilejka-Borysów, during which from 500 to 800 prisoners died.
Operation "Barbarossa": Adolf Hitler arrived at his Wolfsschanze headquarters in the Gryłoski forest near Kętrzyn; Wehrmacht took Przemyśl and Vilnius.
1942 - Germans murdered 6,000–8,000 in Lviv. Jews living outside the ghetto.
On the night of June 23-24, Operation Werwolf began, a pacification and displacement action carried out by the Germans in the Zamość region in June and August 1943, during which 30 to 60 thousand people were displaced. Poles from 171 villages. That day, the village of Majdan Nowy was pacified, murdering at least 28 people.
In Zbydniów, in the Podkarpacie region, an SS unit murdered 19 participants of a wedding taking place in the court of the Horodyński family.
1965 - The Sejm of the People's Republic of Poland of the 4th term elected state authorities. Czesław Wycech, chairman of the councils, became the Marshal of the Sejm