Australians, commonly known as Aussies (/ ɒziːz /) - a nation inhabiting the Australian continent, largely sharing a common history, culture and language (Australian English). Modern Australians are Commonwealth of Australia citizens with Australian citizenship. On March 31, 2016, the population of Australia was 24,051,400 (327,600 more than on March 31, 2015).
Most modern Australians come from the peoples of the British Isles. The New South Wales colony was established by the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1788 with the advent of the First Fleet, and the five remaining colonies were established in the 19th century - all now making up six Australian states: South Australia, Western Australia, New South Wales, Queensland, Tasmania and Victoria. The early settlement was closely related to the penal colonies created by the English and convicts brought to the Australian continent from the British Isles (and their offspring). Large-scale immigration did not take place until 1850, when there was a massive arrival of settlers due to the gold rush (gold-bearing areas were discovered in many places in Australia). Subsequent waves of emigration took place after the First and Second World Wars - then mass emigrants from South and Eastern Europe, the Middle East, Southeast Asia and the Pacific Islands arrived. Before British colonization, Australia was inhabited by indigenous peoples - Australian Aborigines, Tasmanian Aborigines, Torres Strait islanders and Melanesians. They all now make up a small percentage of Australia's population, but their traditions are not forgotten (see, for example, Emily Kame Kngwarreye).
In March 2016, there were 24,051,400 people in Australia (327,600 more than on March 31, 2015). For years, a clear tendency of population growth has been observed, caused by a large, positive migration balance and a small, positive natural increase. Just a few years earlier - in 2011 - the population of this country amounted to 21,507,717 people and was higher by as much as 8.3% than the population in 2006.