Asia

Article

January 23, 2022

Asia (Greek Ἀσία Asía, Latin Asia) - part of the world, together with Europe making up Eurasia, the largest continent on Earth. For historical and cultural reasons, Asia itself is also referred to as a continent (see alternative lists of continents). It is often called a continent of great geographical contrasts. It is adjacent to Europe to the west, Africa to the southwest, the Indian Ocean and Australia to the southeast, and the Pacific to the east. The exact course of the western geographical border is presented in the entry Europe-Asia border. The area of ​​Asia is 44.6 million km² of land area, which is about 30% of all land area. It is upland-mountainous (the highlands constitute 75% of the continent's area - the average height of Asia is almost 1000 m above sea level). Asia is inhabited by 4,436.33 million people, which is 99.9 people per km² (data from 2016). The extreme point in the north is Cape Chelyuskin (77 ° 43 ′ N), in the south Cape Piai (1 ° 16 ′ N), in the west Cape Baba (26 ° 05 ′ E), and in the east Cape Dezhnev (169 ° 40 ′ IN). The latitudinal extent is about 8,600 km, and the meridian is 8,400 km. The coastline, including the islands, is over 70,000 km long.

Name

The name of the continent came to the Polish language from Greek through Latin. There is no certainty as to the original source of the name. Connections with both Assyrian assu, meaning rising (about the sun), Akkadian aṣû ,, ie entrance, bright place, country of the east, the Anatolian name of the Assuwa-22 federation, the Greek word asis meaning river mud are indicated. Initially, the name referred only to Asia Minor. About 450 B.C.E. Asia Proper was distinguished from Asia Minor. Asia (Asja) was the name of the nymph of the oceanids in Greek mythology. This was also the name of the type of rye. It is also likely that the name "Asia" comes from the Greek term Asios leimon (lit. Asios would be derived from the Greek asis, meaning river silt. The aforementioned Azi ridge was situated at the mouth of the Kaistru River near Ephesus, thus in Asia Minor. With the conquest of Asia Minor by the Persians, the Greeks called Asia the areas east of the Aegean Sea. Only later did this name cover the entire continent.

Asia's political division

Asia Countries

1) Together with the separatist Nagorno-Karabakh 2) Without Taiwan 3) Together with North Cyprus 4) The Asian part of the country is only the Sinai Peninsula 5) The city is located in Africa 6) The Asian part of the country covers only a small area of ​​the Sporades, Chios and Lesbos islands7) The city is located in Europe8) Together with the separatist Abkhazia9) Without the Pakistan-occupied part of Kashmir10) Not all of the country's territory lies in Asia11) Together with the Indonesian part of New Guinea, lying in Oceania12) According to Israeli law13) Part of the country's territory lies in Europe14) Including the European part to India, part of Kashmir16) The seat of government is Colombo

Dependent territories

1) the headquarters of the command of two bases: Akrotiri and Dhekelia; no capital 2) military base personnel, including approx. 1,350 soldiers; no permanent residents 3) military base personnel, including 2,212 soldiers; no permanent residents

states not recognized

The following territories meet all the criteria for being a state, but are not internationally recognized by other countries.

Asia Regions

Politico-economic regions according to the United Nations

The United Nations organizes the following regions in Asia: West Asia Near East Caucasus Central Asia South Asia (Indian subcontinent) Southeast Asia Far East (East Asia) Siberia (North Asia) This regionalization is political and based

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