BBC

Article

May 28, 2022

British Broadcasting Corporation, abbreviated as BBC (in 1922–1927 British Broadcasting Company Ltd. (BBC), and since January 1, 1927 - British Broadcasting Corporation, British Broadcasting Corporation) - the main British public radio and television broadcaster, the largest institution of its kind in world. The corporation lives off the production of programs, television subscription (the BBC does not charge a license for listening to the radio, but only for watching one of the eight television channels) and the profits of its companies. In Great Britain, it does not display advertisements or paid advertisements for companies or institutions. Part of it, BBC Worldwide (which mainly creates pay TV channels for foreign markets) operates on a commercial basis.

History

British Broadcasting Corporation Ltd.

The first public live broadcast in Great Britain was made at the Wireless Telegraph Company factory in Chelmsford in June 1920. It was sponsored by Alfred Harmsworth of the Daily Mail and featured Australian soprano Nellie Melba. Melby's broadcast captured people's imaginations and was a turning point in the attitude of British audiences to radio. However, this public enthusiasm was not shared in official circles where such broadcasts were seen as intended to disrupt important military and civilian communications. In the late 1920s, the pressure in these circles and the unrest among employees of the licensing authority, the General Post Office (GPO), was sufficient to ban any further transmissions from Chelmsford. By 1922, the GPO had received nearly 100 broadcasting license applications and proceeded to lift the ban following a petition from 63 associations. Willing to avoid the chaotic expansion that took place in the United States, the GPO proposed a single broadcasting license to a company owned by a consortium of leading wireless receiver manufacturers known as the British Broadcasting Company Ltd. John Reith was appointed its CEO in December 1922, a few weeks after how the company made its first official broadcast. The company was established on October 18, 1922 on the initiative of six radio equipment manufacturing companies that wanted to conduct experimental broadcasting. She was licensed to broadcast a BBC radio program on November 1, 1922, and the first radio program was broadcast on November 14, 1922. It was a newsletter, read by Arthur Burrows.

British Broadcasting Corporation

In 1925, the private company British Broadcasting Corporation Ltd. was liquidated and in 1927 the state-owned company British Broadcasting Corporation was founded. The first, experimental television programs, using technology developed by John Logie Baird, were broadcast on August 22, 1932. During the emission tests, the BBC finally decided to use a competing technology developed by Guglielmo Marconi's company. Official broadcasting by the BBC Television Service began on November 2, 1936. British radio audiences had little choice beyond the BBC's narrow-audience broadcasts. John Reith's goal as executive director, in his opinion, was to impart "the best in every department of human knowledge, effort and achievement" while "maintaining a high moral tone is of course of great importance." Reith managed to build an antipathy towards looser radio in the USA, which aimed to attract as many audiences as possible and thus ensure the highest possible advertising revenues. There were no paid ads on the BBC; all income came from the tax on receivers