Gobies (Plantaginaceae Juss.) - a family of plants belonging to the order Lamiales Bromhead. It includes about 90 genera with about 1900 species. The typical genus is Plantago goby. In earlier angiosperm classification systems (e.g. in the Cronquista system of 1981) it was the only family within the order Plantaginales consisting of only three genera: goby (Plantago), margarita (Littorella) and Bougueria. Subsequent numerous phylogenetic studies, summarized by members of the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG), showed that the taxon should be within the order Lamiales. Importantly, it turned out that gobies in the former narrow sense (Plantaginaceae sensu stricto) are nested within the development lines of several dozen genera formerly included in the leper family (Scrophulariaceae), but this number does not include the typical genus for this family - the leper ( Scrophularia). Although the name Veronicaceae (1782) is the oldest used for such a group, the name Plantaginaceae (1789) has been found appropriate under the rules of the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature, and it has also been used in subsequent systems published by APG, including the APG III systems of 2009 and APG IV from 2016.
Gobies in a broad sense (Plantaginaceae sensu lata) are a very diverse and cosmopolitan family, although the most numerous family in the temperate climate zone. Herbaceous plants (including aquatic plants) belong to this family. Diversity makes it difficult to describe the characteristics. The features that distinguish it from other representatives of laymen are the crosswise heads of glandular hairs and divided pouches.
Annual or perennial herbaceous plants, rarely shrubs.
Skrętolegle (also in mundane rosettes) or opposite, with a single or complex lamina.
Diverse in different representatives. 4 times in some, 5-8 times in others, often with dorsal symmetry. In many representatives, the flowers are very simplified, e.g. in wind-pollinated plants such as plantain) or in water plants, such as sponges and duckweed.
The group of a dozen or so genera with Lindernia (Lindernia) was distinguished in 2007 as a separate family of Lindernias (Linderniaceae), which was included in the APG III system of 2009. Some authors also suggest the necessity to exclude a separate family from the Gratiolaceae group (e.g. with genera conitrut Gratiola and limnophilus Limnophil). In the 2016 APG IV system, there were no changes to the family classification.
Systematic position according to APweb (updated APG IV system from 2016)
One of the Lyme family representing the group of asters within the dicotyledonous proper:
Family division according to GRIN (in terms corresponding to the APG IV system)
genus: Angelonia Humb. & Bonpl. - angelonia
genus: Basistemon Turcz.
genus: Melosperm Benth.
genus: Monopera Barringer
genus: Monttea Gay
genus: Ourisia Comm. ex Juss. - Erosion Antirrhineae tribe:
genus: Callitriche L. - duckweed
genus: Hippuris L. - spread Cheloneae tribe:
kind: Brooke Benth.
genus: Chelone L. - turtle
genus: Chionophila Benth.
genus: Collinsia Nutt.
genus: Keckiella Straw
genus: Nothochelone (A. Gray) Straw
type: Penstemon Schmidel - penstemon
genus: Tonella Nutt. ex A. Gray
genus: Uroskinnera Lindl. Digitalideae tribe:
genus: Digitalis L. - digitalis
genus: Erinus L. - erynus
genus: Isoplexis (Lindl.) Loudon Tribe Globularieae:
genus: Campylanthus Roth
genus: Globularia L. - kulnik
genus: Poskea Vatke Tribe Gratioleae:
genus: Hemiphragma Wall. Plantagineae tribe:
genus: Aragoa Kunth
genus: Littorella P. J. Bergius - coast
genus: Plantago L. - plantain Plemi�