January 23, 2022
North Borneo - former British protectorate in Southeast Asia. The territory of Northern Borneo was originally part of the Brunei Sultanate. In 1865, the American consul in Brunei bought it from the Sultan for 10 years. The United States, however, did not need the Asian colony, so it sold it to the British Hong Kong colony. The British established a settlement at the mouth of the Kimanis River. The attempt to colonize, however, was unsuccessful and in 1866 the settlement ceased to exist. In January 1875, the British sold the rights to Northern Borneo for 10 years to the consul of Austria-Hungary, but the country was also not interested in this acquisition. After an unsuccessful attempt to sell the territory to Italy, the British Alfred Dent took over the rights to Northern Borneo. In May 1882, Dent founded the British North Borneo Company, which took control of the territory on behalf of the British Crown, with the task of organizing a colonization action. The company gradually bought new lands from the Sultan of Brunei and carried out a rapid industrialization of the colony. In 1888, North Borneo was transformed into a British protectorate. From January 1942 to June 1945, North Borneo was under Japanese occupation, during which the country's infrastructure was completely destroyed. After the end of World War II, the British Company of North Borneo was unable to rebuild the country from the devastation of war, so on July 15, 1946, the protectorate was abolished and the country became a British colony. On August 31, 1963, after the withdrawal of the British, North Borneo gained independence. A few weeks later, on September 16, the country entered into a union with Malaysia, under which it became part of it as the state of Sabah.