Boston Celtics - an American basketball club participating in the NBA league, in which they are members of the Atlantic Division (Eastern Conference). He plays his matches in the TD Garden hall. The Celtics are the NBA's most successful club alongside the LA Lakers, with both clubs winning 17 league titles. Their players have received a total of 10 most valuable player of the season titles, and 28 Celtics people are members of the basketball hall of fame.
The club was founded in 1946 in Boston, co-creating the BAA league, which three years later became the NBA. In the first years of its existence, the team was led by Red Auerbach, and the star of the team was Bob Cousy. A little later, Bill Russell joined the team and soon took over as head and playing coach. In their day, the Celtics won 11 league titles, dominating the rest of the league. In the late 1970s, Larry Bird arrived in Boston, leading the Celtics to three league titles. His rivalries with Magic Johnson in those years became a classic of world basketball. After Bird ended his career in 1993, the Celtics went through a crisis, but everything changed when they selected Paul Pierce in the 1998 NBA draft. Over the next 9 years, the team slowly returned to its former glory. In 2007, Kevin Garnett and Ray Allen became Celtics players, who together with Pierce created the so-called The Big Three. The then regular season, the Celtics ended with a balance sheet of 66–16, winning 40 games more than the previous season. They made it to the NBA Finals, where they defeated the Los Angeles Lakers 4-2. Thus, they won another - 17th league title, after a 22-year break. In 2010, the Celtics advanced to the NBA Finals and were already in the lead 3-2, but lost seven games to the Los Angeles Lakers.
1946–1950: The First Years
The Boston Celtics were founded in 1946 by the president of Boston Garden-Arena Corporation Walter A. Brown and joined the Basketball Association of America, becoming a member of a new league, the National Basketball Association, after the BAA and the National Basketball League merged. In 1950, the Celtics became the first team to draft an African-American player, Chuck Cooper. In 1951, Brown became the owner of the National Hockey League's Boston Bruins as their former manager Charles Adams struggled financially. Brown already had two professional teams playing their home games at Boston Garden.
1950–1969: The years of Auerbach and Russell
Almost from the beginning of its existence, the team was led by coach Arnold "Red" Auerbach. During his tenure, the Celtics won nine NBA league titles, eight of which were won year after year. Auerbach's first major transfer move was the acquisition in 1951 of the brilliant quarterback Bob Cousa. A few years later, he handed over to St. Louis Hawks, two seasoned players, Ed Macauley and Cliff Hagan, in exchange for the right of first choice in the draft before the 1956–1957 season, thus gaining the 208cm Bill Russell, playing in the middle position. Auerbach also engaged K.C. Jones and Tommy Heinsohn. After a year of making use of the Celtics' choice in the first draft round, he added defender Sam Jones to the squad. With these players, Auerbach dominated the league in the 1960s.
At the end of the 1965-1966 season, Auerbach handed over his duties to Russell, who became the NBA's first black head coach. Under Russell, a double coach and player for three seasons, the Boston Celtics won the league championship twice more.
1970–1978: The Heinsohn-Cowens duo
These achievements increased by two titles in the 1970s, when Heinsohn was the coach,