Dolphin (1896)

Article

January 23, 2022

Dolphin - a Norwegian torpedo boat from the end of the 19th century, one of the three Hval type units built in Germany. The ship was launched in 1896 at the Schichau shipyard in Elbląg and in the same year became part of the Norwegian navy. The torpedo boat was decommissioned in 1927. During the Norwegian campaign in 1940, the unit was captured by the Germans and incorporated into the Kriegsmarine under the name "Kürassier". The ship was returned to Norway in May 1945 and was scrapped two years later.

Design and construction

The 1st class Hval class torpedo boats were designed at the German shipyard Schichau on the basis of the S 66 type torpedo boats. "Delfin" was built in the Schichau shipyard in Elbląg. The date when the keel was laid is unknown, and it was launched in 1896.

Tactical and technical data

The ship was a torpedo boat with an overall length of 39.9 meters, a width of 4.8 meters and a draft from 1.1 meters bow to 2.15 meters aft. Normal displacement was 83 tons and full displacement was 102 tons. The unit was powered by a 1100 HP vertical triple-expansion steam engine, steam supplied by two boilers. The single-propeller vessel had a maximum speed of 21 knots. The ship took a stock of 17 tons of coal. The artillery armament of the units consisted of two single 37 mm QF L / 45 Hotchkiss cannons. The torpedo weapons were two single 450 mm tubes. The ship's crew consisted of 23 officers, non-commissioned officers and sailors.

Service

The Dolphin was admitted to the Royal Navy in 1896. The ship was withdrawn from the fleet in 1927. During the Norwegian campaign on April 9, 1940, the disarmed unit was captured by the Germans. At that time, the worn-out engine allowed the vessel to reach a speed of about 17.5 knots. In November 1940, the "Delfin" was incorporated into the Kriegsmarine under the name "Kürassier" (side number 589). The ship was returned to Norway in May 1945 and was scrapped in 1947.

Notes

Footnotes

Bibliography

Conway’s All The World’s Fighting Ships 1860-1905. Robert Gardiner, Roger Chesneau, Eugene M. Kolesnik (eds.). London: Conway Maritime Press, 1979. ISBN 978-0-85177-133-5. (eng.) Conway's All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906-1921. Robert Gardiner, Randal Gray (eds). London: Conway Maritime Press, 1985. ISBN 0-85177-245-5. (eng.) Ivan Gogin: HVAL 1st class torpedo boats (1896) (English). Navypedia. [access 2021-12-14]. Ivan Gogin: KÜRASSIER torpedo boats (1896/1940), TARANTEL torpedo boats (1900 - 1902/1940). Navypedia. [access 2021-12-14]. The Naval Annual, 1900. J. Leyland (eds.). Portsmouth: J. Griffin and Co., 1900. (eng.)

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