A figure of God the Father in Falenty

Article

July 5, 2022

Figure of God the Father in Falenty - a baroque figure of God the Father originally located on the top of the facade of the Warsaw Brigid Church, and now on the battlefield of Raszyn.

History

The sculpture comes from the workshop of Stephan Schwaner, active in the years 1682-1692 at the palace of King Jan III Sobieski in Wilanów, the author of the sculptural decorations for the Wilanów Palace. Its author is an unknown associate of Schwaner. Sometimes it is erroneously dated to the end of the 18th century and described as late baroque. Initially, the figure was placed on the left side of the gable of the facade of the then Holy Trinity Church of the Brigid Sisters at ul. Długa (on the corner of Nalewki Street) in Warsaw. Symmetrically, on the right side of the gable, there was a figure of Immaculata, that is, Our Lady of the Immaculate Conception. In 1807, the Brigid nunnery was dissolved and turned into barracks. In the years 1817-1824, the church was turned into an artillery workshop and rebuilt in the classicist style. Baroque figures from the facade were removed in 1818. In 1828, on the 19th anniversary of the Battle of Raszyn, Fr. Antoni Zieleniewski, pastor of the parish of St. Szczepana in Raszyn, he founded two brick plinths on symbolic battle sites, i.e. the Falenka (Raszyn) dike and the grave of Polish soldiers at the command post of Prince Józef Poniatowski and the main long-range cannon station on the northern edge of the village (later at the junction of Krakowska Avenue and Sportowa Street), and a sandstone one a commemorative plaque. Post-Brigid statues were placed on these pedestals. The sculpture has become an element of the Falenck Grobla educational path in the Stawy Raszyńskie nature reserve. The proportions of the post-Brigid figures are described as squat and indicating a deliberate deformation, which is explained by the original high-altitude exposure and the adaptation of the shapes to the observation by the viewer standing in front of the temple, i.e. at a very large angle. The head of the figure of God the Father was modeled on the bust of Zeus - the so-called Zeus of Otricoli from 323 BCE (from the 16th century in the Vatican collections (now Museo Pio-Clementino)). The sculpture is one of the few relics of the baroque monastery church in Warsaw, which makes it one of the most valuable monuments in Mazovia.

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