Marilyn Monroe

Article

August 13, 2022

Marilyn Monroe, born. Norma Jeane Mortenson (born June 1, 1926 in Los Angeles, died August 5, 1962 there) - American actress, model, singer and film producer. A movie star, popular culture icon and sex bomb of the 1950s and 1960s, the American Film Institute ranked her sixth on the list of the greatest actresses of all time (The 50 Greatest American Screen Legends). She started her career in the 1940s as a pin-up girl. Later she found her way into the world of film, where she worked for 20th Century Fox (1946–47) and Columbia Pictures (1948). In 1951, she joined the Fox label, and soon she gained popularity thanks to her appearances in the films: Monkey Cure, Niagara Falls, Men Prefer Blondes and Straw Widower. She became famous for the roles of stereotypical blondes, but she also played more complex and dramatic characters. In 1955 she studied methodology at the Actors Studio with Lee Strasberg and founded her own label - Marilyn Monroe Productions. She won the David di Donatello and Crystal Star Awards for her role as Elsie in The Prince and an Actress, and for her role as Sugar "Kane" Kowalczyk in Half-Joke, Half-Seriously won a Golden Globe. Quarrels with Life was the last film in her career. The press paid much attention to the private life of Monroe. The actress struggled with addictions, incl. from alcohol and barbiturates, as well as with mental disorders. She has been divorced three times, and her marriages to baseball player Joe DiMaggio and playwright Arthur Miller have received media attention. She had no children, although it is speculated that in her teenage years she gave birth to a son who was taken from her shortly after giving birth. She died in 1962 at the age of 36 from an overdose of barbiturates at her home in Los Angeles. Though her death was deemed "probable suicide," several conspiracy theories have surfaced around her.

Curriculum vitae

Youth

Norma Jeane Mortenson was born on June 1, 1926 at 9:30 am at County Hospital in Los Angeles. She was the daughter of Gladys Pearl Baker née Monroe and Charles Stanley Gifford, editors at Consolidated Film Industries, Hollywood. On her birth certificate (and in her marriage certificate with Arthur Miller) her father is Martin Edward Mortenson, Gladys's second husband, who left the family shortly before Norma's birth and whom Gladys divorced in 1928. She had two half-siblings: Robert (1917–1933) ) and Berniece (born 1919), Gladys' children from her first marriage to John Newton Baker, who lived with their father after their parents divorced in 1923. Due to the fact that Gladys could not give up work to care for her daughter, on June 13, 1926 Norma was taken into the care of a foster family - Albert and Ida Bolender, zealous Protestants. The mother provided for her daughter and visited her sporadically, until she picked her up in 1933 and lived together on 6812 Arbol Drive in Hollywood with the Atkinson acting family. On January 15, 1934, Gladys developed paranoid schizophrenia (found to be insane) and became a patient at the Metropolitan State Hospital in Los Angeles. She spent the rest of her life in isolation and rarely had a chance to see her daughter. Norma was then taken into the care of Grace McKee, a friend of Gladys, and then she was taken to the orphanage, where she stayed until June 1937. Years later, she recalled that time as follows: The parents of all the children in the orphanage died. I had at least one parent - my mother, but she didn't want me. I was too ashamed to try to explain it to other children. I was only happy when we were taken to the cinema. She was brought up by a total of 11 different foster families, incl. Olivia Monroe (sister-in-law of Gladys Monroe) and Edith Ana Atchinson Lower (aunt Grace McKee). She claimed that when she was eight years old, she fell victim to, among others