The Mosque of Marjani

Article

May 28, 2022

Mosque of Marżani (Tatar. Мәрҗани мәчете, other names: Efendi mosque, Junusowski mosque) - Tatar-type mosque (English), erected in the years 1768–1771 in Kazan in a style combining baroque and Tatar art; one of the oldest mosques in the city.

History

The construction of a new stone mosque in Kazan was possible thanks to the favor of Tsarina Catherine II the Great, who, after meeting with the Tatar delegation in 1767, allowed the construction of a temple in the city and ordered the governor A.N. Kvasnin-Samarin completed all the formalities and did not prevent the Tatars from building. For the construction purposes, 62 people collected the amount of PLN 5,000. rubles. The author of the temple design was probably Vasily Kaftyrev (eng.). Construction began in the summer of 1768 and was completed in 1771. During the construction of the temple, the city authorities were concerned about the height of the minaret and sent a letter to the tsarina on this matter, who replied: I have given them a place on earth and they will freely ascend to heaven at their discretion, because heaven is not under my authority. In 1861, the mosque was expanded and the wooden fence of the mosque was replaced with a brick one. In 1863 the mirhab was expanded. Since its inception, the Marjani mosque has been the main Muslim temple in the city, and is also the center of Kazan muhtasibat. The mosque's imams were famous Tatar theologians, incl. Rawił Gajnietdin (English), Gusman Ischakow (Russian), Shihabuddin Marżani (English) (the current name of the temple comes from him), and Tałgat Tajuddin. In the years 2004–2007, the building was fully revitalized, a prayer room for women was added (earlier, women prayed in the basement of the mosque).

Architecture

A two-story building, situated on an irregular plot, diagonally in relation to the surrounding buildings, on the shores of one of the Kaban lakes. There are prayer rooms on the second floor. The vaults of these rooms are covered with rich stucco and gilded plant ornaments, stylistically combining baroque and Tatar applied art. The stucco on the walls is made in blue, green and gold. In the center of the building there is a magnificent minaret with three floors, inside which there are spiral stairs. A brick fence surrounds the mosque.

Footnotes