Nawodczik-2 (Russian: Наводчик-2) - Russian unmanned aerial vehicle flight control system, used by the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
The Izmasz - Unmanned Systems Plant (Russian: ООО Ижмаш - Беспилотные системы) in Izhevsk completed research and development work on the system in 2010. As part of the implementation of the state agreement of April 15, 2013, production and delivery of Nawodchik-2 systems to army units began Russian. Introduced into service in 2014, the Nawodchik-2 system is intended for transporting military drones, controlling their flight and receiving information from them, processing and transmitting them automatically to gun and missile artillery units and the Air Force of the Russian Federation.
The system includes seven unmanned aerial vehicles of the types Granat-1, Granat-2, Granat-3 and Granat-4. UAVs can carry photographic and film equipment operating in the visible or infrared range. Additionally, they can be equipped with equipment for radio-electronic warfare.
The operation of the Granat-1, Granat-2 and Granat-3 drones is carried out from the container located on the KamAZ 4350 truck chassis, which houses two control stations. The entire system is operated by four soldiers. The Granat-4 drone is operated by a control station mounted on the Ural truck chassis, which also transports two drones of this type. The container is equipped with an NSU antenna that can be lifted to a height of 5 m. The system preparation time for combat operations does not exceed 40 minutes. The system is designed to operate in temperatures from -50 ° C to +50 ° C.
The system was presented at the "ARMIA-2019" International Military and Technical Forum, during which the system's ground control station and the drones operated by it were shown.
The system was used in September 2013 during an exercise by units of the Central Military District of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in the Kemerovo region. It was used to correct the fire of artillery units equipped with BM-27 Uragan missile systems and 2S19 Msta-S self-propelled howitzers. In the assessment of the participants, thanks to the information provided by the Nawodczik-2 system, the targets were destroyed 1.5-2 times faster than with the previously used methods of observation of the battlefield. The ability to track multiple targets simultaneously, regardless of the time of day, was assessed as particularly favorable. Subsequent tests were carried out in February 2014 at the 102nd Russian military base located in Gyumri, Armenia. As a result, the effectiveness of the reconnaissance and special units was found to be five times greater. In the fall of 2014, tests were carried out at the training grounds in Alagjaz, Kamchut and Bagramian. This system was also mentioned several times in the context of conducting exercises at the 4th military base of the Russian Federation, which is located in the Tskhinvali region in Georgia.
A more unknown number of copies of the Nawodchik-2 system was handed over to separatist forces from the Donetsk People's Republic, its presence was found in this area in November 2020.
The Rise of Russia's Military Robots: Theory, Practice and Implications. Analysis. 2'21, February 2021. Tallinn: International Center for Defense and Security International Center for Defense and Security. ISSN 2228-2076.