Pimodera flowers

Article

August 13, 2022

Phimodera flori - a species of the scarlet bug and the family of turtle. He lives in Palearctic Eurasia, from France to Siberia and Mongolia.

Taxonomy

This species was first described in 1863 by Franz Xaver Fieber. Elgavkrasti in Latvia was indicated as a typical place. The genre epithet was given in honor of Gustav Flora.

Morphology

A bug with a short and relatively wide body, 4.9 to 7.2 mm long. Coloration is variable; usually the top of the body is gray-brown with a black pattern, but can also be almost completely black with a few lighter spots and streaks. The cuticle is covered with dense dotting and poorly defined, short, gray hair. The head has a square outline with strongly protruding to the sides, compound eyes placed on the peduncles. The width of the compound eye is not less than the distance between the eye and the eye and 4 to 5 times less than the distance between the eye and the other eye. The cheeks are shorter than the cervix and their apexes in the lateral view do not protrude beyond the upper outline of the head. The pre-crotch has posterior-lateral edges slightly indented, so that its lateral corners are poorly protruding. The shield covers almost the entire abdomen. Abdominal marginal lamellae have protruding nodules visible from above in the posterolateral corners of the segments. The legs of all pairs are characterized by trochanterias devoid of nodules and appendages.

Ecology and occurrence

This insect inhabits sandy areas, preferably inland dunes. A secretive lifestyle rushes. It lives at the base of grass of the brush type, most often gray brush. Usually it stays shallow buried in sand, only reaching the surface at high temperatures. It feeds on roots and seeds that have fallen on the soil. The adult forms are the wintering stage. Mating takes place in May and June on the surface of the soil. Palearctic species. In Europe, it is known from France, Germany, Italy, Denmark, Latvia, Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Greece and the European part of Russia. In Asia, it has been found in Georgia, Kazakhstan, Mongolia and Siberia. It is a very rare insect in Poland; all his records come from the 20th century, most of them from the Vistula Valley. It is listed as Critically Endangered (CR) on the Czech Republic's Red List of Threatened Species.

Footnotes