Government (biology)


August 13, 2022

Order (Latin ordo) - one of the basic systematic categories used in the systematics of organisms, lower than a group (classis in zoology) or class (classis in botany), and higher than a family (familia). The term ordo was introduced by Carl Linnaeus as one of the five basic categories in the hierarchical biological classification system. The auxiliary categories for the row are superordo (superordo), subordo (subordo) and infraordo (infraordo), and in the English-language literature parvorder (lower than infrasame), magnorder (higher than parent), grandorder and mirorder (between row and superior) are still used. .


In the scientific nomenclature, plant taxa of order rank are given the ending -ales, while zoological names do not have a single fixed ending. An ending often used in zoology is - (i) formes, referring to the shape of a body of the nomenclatorial type. The Polish equivalent is the ending -shaped. The names of the Polish rows are written in simple letters and lowercase letters. The scientific names of orders in zoology are not italicized. In botany and mycology, the scientific name is usually written in italics in accordance with the Codex of Botanical Nomenclature.

Taxonomic position

The government includes closely related families. Its position in the hierarchical system (including auxiliary categories) is as follows: cluster or class (and their respective auxiliary categories), pour. magnordo, ang. magnorder, pour. grandordo, English grandorder, pour. mirordo, ang.mirorder, superorder (Latin superordo, English superorder), government (Latin ordo, English order), suborder (Latin subordo, English suborder), infrarzę (Latin infraordo, infraorder), pour. parvordo, parvorder, family (and relevant supporting categories).

See also

plant taxonomy animal taxonomy