Sebastian Kurz (born August 27, 1986 in Vienna) - Austrian politician, national deputy, in 2013-2017 minister of foreign affairs, in 2017-2019 and 2020-2021 chancellor of Austria, from 2017 leader of the Austrian People's Party (ÖVP).
Operations until 2017
In 2004, he passed the matriculation examination at a secondary school in Vienna. After completing his military service, he enrolled in law at the University of Vienna in 2005, which he did not complete.
He became involved in the activities of the Austrian People's Party, in 2009 he was elected chairman of the youth organization of this party. In 2010–2011 he was a councilor in Vienna, in April 2011 he took the position of the secretary of state for integration. In the elections of September 2013, he was elected a member of the National Council. In December of the same year, in the second government of Werner Faymann, on the recommendation of the ÖVP, he was appointed the minister of foreign affairs, also responsible for European affairs, and shortly thereafter for integration. He also remained in this position in the office of Christian Kern, established in May 2016.
In 2015, he presented a proposal for a new law on Islam, which was then adopted by the Austrian parliament. Introduced, inter alia, the ban on financing mosques and imams from foreign funds, also regulated the issue of the version of the Koran available in Austria. These proposals were motivated by the need to reduce the influence of radical Islam in Austria. He also tried to make it easier for immigrants to integrate, and at the same time declared strict treatment of those who did not want to integrate. During the refugee crisis, he demanded the closure of the Balkan route and announced decisive action against people associated with radical Islam.
Operations since 2017
In May 2017, he became the new leader of his group to replace Reinhold Mitterlehner. His appointment as chairman in July of that year was confirmed by the party's congress. In October 2017, his party won the parliamentary elections, obtained over 31% of the votes and 62 seats. Sebastian Kurz was re-elected to the National Council. That same month, President Alexander Van der Bellen commissioned him to form a new government.
At the end of October, together with the ÖVP, he started coalition talks with the national-conservative Freedom Party of Austria (FPÖ). In mid-December, the conclusion of an agreement was announced and the composition of the future cabinet was presented, under which the leader of the peasant party was appointed chancellor. He entered the office on December 18, 2017, when his government was sworn in by President Alexander Van der Bellow.
On May 17, 2019, the press published the recordings from the meeting of the FPÖ leader from July 2017, including with a woman claiming to be a relative of an influential Russian oligarch. During his course, Heinz-Christian Strache had, inter alia, offering her help in obtaining state contracts in return for the support of his party by an Austrian tabloid in which the woman was to invest. This started the so-called the Ibiza scandal. On May 18, Sebastian Kurz ruled out the possibility of further cooperation with the vice-chancellor and announced his departure from the government, as well as striving for early elections.
The coalition collapsed as a consequence of the scandal. On May 22, 2019, all ministers recommended by the FPÖ (with the exception of the non-party minister of foreign affairs) were dismissed. On May 27, 2019, a day after the parliamentarians won the Euro elections, the parliament voted by the votes of the SPÖ and the recent coalition partner against his government, which started the procedure of resignation of the cabinet. The next day, Sebastian Kurz was dismissed, and Hartwig Löger temporarily took over the duties of chancellor (Brigitte Bierlein became chancellor a few days later). Eventually, early elections took place in September, which the agrarians again in