Pole vault

Article

August 13, 2022

Pole vault - an athletics competition in which the jump takes place in the same way as in the high jump, with the difference that the competitor uses a pole to overcome the bar. In the past, pole vaulters used stiff poles made of wood, bamboo, aluminum pipes (until the end of the 1960s), today they use flexible poles made of high-quality plastics. These poles favor better results. For comparison, the men's world record for rigid pole vault is 4.82 meters and for the new generation pole vault 6.21 meters.

History

1850 - first pole vault competition (made of ash) 1889 - The jump technique is introduced in America, which involves lifting the legs up 1900 - first use of bamboo poles (used until 1942) 1957 the use of an aluminum pole by Bob Gutowski and a steel pole by Don Bragg in attempts to set a world record introduction of mats to improve safety 1961 - First world record for the use of a fiberglass pole 1995 - IAAF starts to record women's pole vault records

Hardware

Pole Currently, the pole is a tube with a diameter of approx. 4 cm and a length of up to approx. 5.20 m, made of fiberglass or carbon fiber laminate. The properties of the pole are the maximum weight of the jumper expressed in pounds and the so-called flex, which is the stiffness of the pole under load, called hardness. Shoes called spikes Similar construction to long jump spikes. Many companies produce spikes marked LJ / PV - that is, both for long jump and pole vault. Many jumpers use spikes for long jump. Landing hill Currently, landing slopes made of hard polyester foam are used. The thickness of the landing hill is up to 80 cm, the length with the mustache and width are up to 6 m. The box is used to determine the position of the lower end of the pole when jumping. It is a metal, trapezoidal cavity that marks the zero point of the in-run, where the height is measured. Stands The height of the stands enables the placement of the crossbar at a height of more than 6.20 m. The construction of the stands allows the crossbar to be moved from 0 to 80 cm forward (to the landing area) in order to adjust the vertical to the jumper's needs. Crossbar Its structure is similar to that of the high jump crossbar - its length is approx. 4.50 m

World record holders

among men: in an open stadium: Armand Duplantis 6.21 m (Eugene, 25 July 2022) hall: Armand Duplantis 6.20 m (Belgrade, March 20, 2022) among women: in an open stadium: Jelena Isinbayeva 5.06 m (Zurich, 28 August 2009) hall: Jennifer Suhr 5.03 m (Brockport, 30 January 2016)

Chronology of the men's pole vault world record at the stadium

The best players in history (stadium, as of July 25, 2022)

see more on the World Athletics website

The best players in history (indoor, as of March 20, 2022)

see more on the World Athletics website

Complete chronology of the women's pole vault world record

Historical tables

The best players in history (indoor, as of June 27, 2021)

see more on the World Athletics website [accessed June 27, 2021]. see more at alltime-athletics.com (eng.) [accessed March 28, 2012].

The best players in history (stadium, as of September 12, 2021)

see more on the World Athletics website [accessed September 12, 2021]. see more at alltime-athletics.com (eng.) [accessed March 28, 2012].

Polish record holders

among men in the open stadium: Piotr Lisek 6.02 m (Monaco, 12 July 2019) in the hall: Piotr Lisek 6.00 m (Potsdam, February 4, 2017) among women in the open stadium: Anna Rogowska 4.83 m (Brussels, August 26, 2005) in the hall: Anna Rogowska 4.85 m (Paris, March 6, 2011) - an absolute Polish record Chronology of Poland's record in pole vault husband