Vulva, less often vulva (Latin Vulva) - the outer part of the female reproductive system. The vulva consists of a pubic mound, two labia majora and two smaller labia, anterior and posterior commissures, labia frenulum, clitoris, clitoral frenulum, clitoral frenulum, and vaginal vestibule.
The vulva consists of larger and smaller anatomical structures. Their development occurs in several phases, mainly in the fetal period and in adolescence. The entrance to the uterus is protected by: the labia majora, labia minora, the vaginal vestibule, and the natural bacterial flora. Normal external washing is usually sufficient to keep the vulva healthy, without resorting to internal washing. However, the vulva is much more prone to infections than the penis.
The word vulva used to mean shame, shame, infamy - from the Proto-Slavic * sormъ, hence the Russian срам (sram), Ukrainian со́ром (sorom), Belarusian сорам (soram), Old Russian соромъ (soromъ), scs. срамъ (sramъ - as the equivalent of the Greek New Testament αἰσχύνη / aischunē "shame, disgrace"), срамота (sramota), Bulgarian срам (sram), срамът (sramŭt), Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian рсармата shame (compare Polish contemporary shame, shameful) - a linguistic monument belonging to the Iranian ~ Slavic compatibility: Avestan fšarǝma "shame", New Persian šаrm, Ossetian œfsarm ts. The name transferred to the genital organ due to religious taboos on sexuality, therefore it is rarely used in non-medical applications. Like any part of the human body related to sexuality, the vulva has many colloquial names, some of which are vulgar in nature. For many people, the sphere of sexuality is a taboo subject, which causes more or less problems with naming.
In Eve Ensler's book Monologues of the Vagina, which deals with the "thing" and breaks down those "shame, disgrace, and infamy," the vulva is referred to amusingly as the "Weave of Power".
Most of the male and female sex organs come from the same tissues developed in the fetus. The vulva is no exception. The anatomical structure of the vulva is related to the anatomical structure of the male genitalia, sharing biological development with them. Organs that follow a similar course of development are called homologues.
The glans of the clitoris is the homologue of the glans of the penis, and the corpus cavernosum of the penis are the counterpart of the clitoris and clitoral limbs. The labia majora, labia minora and the clitoral foreskin are homologues of the scrotum, skin of the penile shaft and foreskin, respectively. The pads of the vagina, under the skin of the labia minora, are the counterparts of the spongy body - the tissue that surrounds the penis urethra. The counterpart of the Bartholin glands in women is the Cowper glands in men.
Functions and Physiology
The vulva plays an important role in the reproductive system. It is the entrance to and protection of the uterus, as well as the right conditions in terms of heat and humidity that aid in its sexual and reproductive functions. The exterior of the vulva is richly innervated and pleasurable when properly stimulated. The pubic hillock cushions the pubic bone during sexual intercourse.
Many different secretions are associated with the vulva, including urine (from the urethra), sweat (from the apocrine glands), blood (from the vagina), sebum (from the sebaceous glands), alkaline fluid (from the Bartholin glands), mucus (from the Skene glands). ), vaginal discharge and mastic (smegma). Smegma is a white substance made up of a combination of dead cells, skin oils, moisture and naturally occurring bacteria that form