Passenger ship

Article

May 28, 2022

Passenger ship - a ship designed to carry people. Passenger ships can also be ships that earn their living mainly by transporting goods. As early as 1948, the provisions of the London Convention stipulated that a passenger ship was any merchant ship that took on board and had cabin places for more than 12 passengers. Over the next years, there was a division into passenger ships with more than 100 passengers and passenger and cargo ships that could accommodate from 12 to 100 people. Ferry shipping became more and more popular, and new types of ships appeared, such as hovercraft, high-speed passenger ships (so-called HSC). The travel time itself began to shorten and passenger ships today are ships taking on board, and not to cabins, 12 passengers.

History and main trends in passenger shipping

In the past, passenger ships were the only means of transporting people between continents (the so-called transatlantic liners). Entire continents were settling and from Europe there was an uninterrupted stream of emigrants. There were also business travelers, colonial administration, and those doing business on a global scale. Transatlantic ships began to become more and more comfortable and filled with luxury, and designers designed ships of increasing speed. Competitions for the capture of the so-called blue ribbon. The maritime states considered it expedient to boast about their transatlantic liners, for example: SS France (later "Norway"), SS United States, SS Deutschland, RMS Queen Mary. The first threat to passenger ships has become air transport. The rapid technical development of aviation during and after World War II led to the creation of capacious and fast jets after the war. Getting another blue ribbon made no sense. However, the ocean liners continued to be built, operated and subsidized by states. Currently, airplanes have completely taken over the role of transporting people over long distances. However, a new phenomenon emerged - despite the fact that no longer profitable passenger lines were kept forcibly, short cruises began to be organized and it turned out that they were very popular. People wanted to sail at least once with the "national pride", they had money and longer and longer holidays. In line with demand, cruise ships began to be built. Currently, passenger ships mainly operate cruises, offering passengers a journey in extremely comfortable conditions. Shipowners try to swim in waters that guarantee beautiful weather and an exotic adventure. This is how the legend of the ocean liners has survived to this day. Current passenger ships - real giants in comparison with the famous "Queens" of Cunard and the French "Normandie" considered to be the ideal of beauty - constitute a completely separate category, because it is difficult to compare regular communication across the Ocean with sea voyages for pleasure. In addition to the classic long-distance passenger navigation, there are also other branches of such communication in the world: passenger cabotage lines, or even trans-lakeside communication. An example of the former is the Norwegian Hurtigruten line, which is well over a hundred years old, connecting the south of Norway with its north from 1893 until today. An example of the latter is sailing on the Swiss Lake Lucerne. A second stream of passenger shipping also appeared, and thus also passenger ships appeared that were completely different from the stereotypes that had been in force so far. Shuttle services operated by ferries have developed along short sea routes along road and railroad extensions. Sea ferries thus became passenger ships, despite the fact that, in addition to people, they carried cargo on board. The equipment known so far appeared on them