Szalejów Dolny

Article

October 17, 2021

Szalejów Dolny (German: Niederschwedeldorf) - a village in Poland located in the Dolnośląskie Voivodeship, in the Kłodzko poviat, in the commune of Kłodzko, in the western part of the Kłodzko Valley.

Location

Szalejów Dolny is a large village about 4.2 km long, located in the western part of the Kłodzko Valley, on the lower course of Bystrzyca Dusznicka, at an altitude of about 310-330 m above sea level.

Administrative division

In the years 1975–1998, the town administratively belonged to the Wałbrzych Province.

History

The first mention of the village and the church that exists here comes from 1269. In 1350, Archbishop Arnoszt of Pardubice bought the town and then handed it over to the Augustinians in Kłodzko. In 1597, the village was taken over by the Jesuits, under whose rule Szalejów Dolny developed and thanks to the chapel of St. Anna became a local pilgrimage center. In 1683, a large part of the village was destroyed in a great fire, after which the destroyed houses were rebuilt and a brewery was built, famous in the area for its excellent beer. In 1840 there were: a palace, a church, several chapels, a school, a brewery, an oil mill, a water mill and a sawmill, and later also a sugar factory. There were also several taverns that were used by pilgrims, and later also by holidaymakers. In the years 1937–1945, the Feldflugplatz Komturhof military field airfield, from where Luftwaffe air reconnaissance planes took off, operated in the fields between Kościelniki in Kościelniki and Szalejów Dolny, which belonged to the property of the von Münchhausen barons. The airport gained special importance when the front reached the border of Silesia in the second half of January 1945. During the siege of Wrocław, planes brought the seriously wounded to the hospital in Kłodzko. The airport command was accommodated in the Münchhausen Palace, soldiers lived in most of the farms and houses in Szalejów. The detachment consisted of 300 soldiers. There are hangars and workshops on the edge of the village.

Sights

According to the register of the National Heritage Institute, the following objects are entered on the list of monuments: parish church of St. Szymon and Tadeusz, from 1489-1491, expanded around 1602 and rebuilt in the years 1702-1707, when the tower cupola was added. Late Gothic portals, Renaissance and one Baroque, Baroque: baptismal font from 1702, chapel of St. Anna from 1731-1732 and St. Mary Magdalene from 1734, presbytery (at the branch church), from 1564, rebuilt in 1757, St. Anna, from 1732, chapel st. Mary Magdalene from 1734, palace complex from 1844, which includes: palace, a park with the remains of the Münchhausen family tomb, house No. 7, wooden, from the 18th century, moved to the open-air museum in Pstrążna.

See also

Szalejów Górny

Footnotes

Bibliography

Dictionary of tourist geography of the Sudetes. Marek Staffa (editorial staff). Vol. 15: The Kłodzko Valley and the Upper Neisse Trench. Wroclaw: I-BiS, 1994, ISBN 83-85773-06-1 WaldemarW. Brygier WaldemarW., TomaszT. Dudziak TomaszT., IwonaI. Chomiak Iwona I., Ziemia Kłodzka, Pruszków: Oficyna Wydawnicza "Rewasz", 2010, ISBN 978-83-89188-95-3, OCLC 751422625.

External Links

Schwedeldorf, 1.) Nieder, village, district Kładki, [in:] Geographical dictionary of the Kingdom of Poland, vol. X: Rukszenice - Sochaczew, Warsaw 1889, p. 401.

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