Szczytna

Article

January 19, 2022

Szczytna (German Rückers until 1945) - a city in Poland located in the Dolnośląskie Voivodeship, in the Kłodzko poviat, the seat of the urban-rural commune of Szczytna. It is situated at the foot of the Table Mountains, on the Bystrzyca Dusznicka river. An industrial and service center as well as a tourist and sightseeing center. Metal and wood industry, until 2012 there was also a household glassworks and a crystal grinding plant. The international route E67 and the Kudowa-Zdrój - Kłodzko railway line run through the city. According to data from the Central Statistical Office of Poland from December 31, 2019, the city had 5,130 inhabitants.

Location

Szczytna is a town located in the eastern part of the Dusznickie Depression, in the valley between the Table Mountains in the north and the Bystrzyckie Mountains, at an altitude of 460-852 m above sea level. The Bystrzyca Dusznicka, the tributary of the Nysa Kłodzka and the left tributary of the Bystrzyca itself, the Kamienny Potok, flow through the town. According to data from January 1, 2011, the area of ​​the city was 80.38 km².

Administrative division

The town belonged to the Kłodzko County. In the years 1975–1998, the city administratively belonged to the Wałbrzych Province.

Name

In a document from 1347, Szczytna appears under the name of Rukers and survived under a similar name - Rückers - until the end of World War II. Initially, Polish settlers used a polonized form, calling today's Szczytna Rucew (the railway station was briefly called Ruchock). The current name was administratively approved on May 19, 1946.

History

The first mentions of Szczytna come from the 14th century, when the settlement belonged to the Homol state, and its development was related to trade (situated on the amber route) and developing craftsmanship, and later industry. In the 16th century, it was bought by Jan Crato von Kraffstein, a doctor and religious reformer, known in Europe, and then it was significantly expanded. In addition to the already existing farm, a sawmill, mill, brewery and many craft workshops were built. In the 17th century, the first glassworks, mill and several weaving workshops were built. In the nineteenth century, the glass factory was expanded, a crystal grinding shop was opened. The past has left Szczytna some monuments that are worth seeing and learning about their history. Since 2007, the Knight Brotherhood of Our Lady, Queen of Peace, has been operating in Szczytna, as well as a Catholic and regional association supporting initiatives promoting the commune and focused, among others, on the preservation of the national and cultural heritage through material care for monuments in Szczytna and the popularization of the history of towns and places in the Szczytna commune. In 2014, the local Crystal Glass Factory "Sudety" was closed, and factory buildings were demolished.

Demography

Age pyramid of Szczytna inhabitants in 2014.

Sights

According to the register of the National Heritage Board of Poland, the list of monuments includes: parish church pw. st. John the Baptist, baroque from 1721-1723, rebuilt in 1907-1908, the main altar and the Rococo tabernacle from 1770, the altar of St. Joseph from 1730, the altar of St. Anioł from 1740, a pulpit from 1748, stalls and confessionals from the workshop of Ludwig Jaschek from Bard from 1760, a baroque baptismal font from 1730. In the porch there is a classicist tombstone of Sr. von Hochberg from around 1834, church cemetery, St. Anna, Batorów from the 18th century, castle complex, from the 19th century, with the neo-Gothic Leśna Castle (now the Nursing Home for Children), from 1832–1838, rebuilt at the end of the 19th century. This castle on the Szczytnik Mountain is the biggest tourist attraction. Its former name, Burg Waldstein (literally: Castle "Forest Stone") well reflected the character of the neo-Gothic building. Set into the rocks, it towers over Szczytna. There is now a viewpoint next to the castle - from here there is a wonderful panorama of the mountains and the Dusznicki Depression, in which Szczytna is located. above all

INSERT INTO `wiki_article`(`id`, `article_id`, `title`, `article`, `img_url`) VALUES ('NULL()','Szczytna','Szczytna','above all','https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b7/2014_Szczytna%2C_panorama_02.JPG')