great Britain

Article

November 28, 2021

Great Britain, the United Kingdom, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland - a unitary island state in Western Europe. Great Britain consists of England, Wales and Scotland located on the island of Great Britain and Northern Ireland situated in the northern part of the island of Ireland. This island is the only land border of the United Kingdom with another country - Ireland. Outside of it, Great Britain is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean to the west and north, the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south, and the Irish Sea to the west. Great Britain has over a dozen dependent territories that are not part of the United Kingdom. These include the dependencies of the British Crown (Guernsey, Jersey and the Isle of Man) and the British Overseas Territories: Akrotiri, Anguilla, Bermuda, British Antarctic Territory, British Indian Ocean Territory, British Virgin Islands, Dhekelia, Cayman Islands, Falklands, South Georgia and South Sandwich Islands, Gibraltar, Montserrat, Pitcairn, Turks and Caicos, and Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha. Great Britain is a founding member of the Commonwealth of Nations of former British colonies, dominions and other possessions. From January 1, 1973 to January 31, 2020, a member of the European Community first, and then the European Union (EU). He has been a permanent member of the UN Security Council since its first session in 1946, with a veto power. It is also a member of the Council of Europe, G7, G20, NATO, OECD and WTO. Great Britain is a developed country, it is the sixth economy in the world according to nominal GDP and the eighth economy in the world according to purchasing power parity. It was the first fully industrialized country in the world and the largest world power in the 19th and early 20th centuries. Britain remains a superpower with significant economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. British armed forces are stationed in 80 countries around the world (the largest permanent garrisons are in Germany, Cyprus, the Falkland Islands, Gibraltar and Canada). The amount of military spending puts Britain in fourth place in the world. It also has about 200 nuclear warheads.

Geography

The mountains and hills are mainly found in the western part of the island and slope gently to the east, with the elevations generally rising northwards. There are tides off the coast of Great Britain, up to 15 m in the Severn estuary, which is the second highest in the world (after Fundy Bay). The existence of tides causes rivers to exit through estuaries. In England, the longest and largest rivers are Severn (354 km), Thames (346 km) and Trent (298 km). The largest cities are London (7.56 million people), Birmingham (1.02 million), Manchester, Sheffield, Liverpool, Leeds, Bristol and Newcastle upon Tyne. A submarine tunnel (Eurotunnel) near Dover connects Great Britain with France. Wales is a mountainous country, and its highest peak is Snowdon (1085 m above sea level). To the north of the mainland lies the island of Anglesey. The largest city and capital is Cardiff, located in South Wales. Geographically, Scotland is a very diverse country, with highlands in the south, a narrow strip of lowlands between Edinburgh and Glasgow, and mountains in the north and west, where the highest peak of Great Britain is located - Ben Nevis (1,345 m above sea level). The Tay flows here - the largest river in Great Britain in terms of its flow at the mouth. Scotland has many bays, fjords and lakes. There are many islands scattered along its northern coast: Hebrides, Orkney Islands and Shetland. The main cities are Edinburgh, Glasgow and Aberdeen. Northern Ireland, clamp

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