Viktor Bryuchanow


October 28, 2021

Viktor Petrovich Bryuchanov, Russian: Ви́ктор Петро́вич Брюха́нов (born December 1, 1935 in Tashkent, died October 13, 2021 in Kiev) - Soviet engineer and political activist, director of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant in 1970–1986. Delegate of the XXVII Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. One of the key figures in the history of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant accident.

Curriculum vitae

He spent his childhood in Angren. He graduated in energy from the Tashkent polytechnic, then he worked in the profession of a thermal power plant in Argena, and from 1966 in a similar power plant in Slavyansk. In 1970 he was appointed director of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant under construction. He moved to this city, and in 1971 to Pripyat. He was the plant construction director from the beginning until 1986 and under his management four reactors were erected and commissioned, and two more were partially built. Despite receiving a dose of 250 rems, he survived its failure. In May 1986, he was dismissed from his post as director, removed from the party in July, and arrested the following month. In July 1987, he was tried and sentenced to 10 years in prison as one of the three main culprits of the crash (chief engineer Nikolai Fomin (ukr.) And deputy chief engineer Anatoly Dyatlov received the same sentence). He was dismissed prematurely in September 1991. After the liberation, he continued to work in the Chernobyl power plant, after its closure, he started working in another energy company.


Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1978) Order of the October Revolution (1983)



S. Plokhy: Chernobyl. History of a nuclear catastrophe. Horizon sign, 2019.

External Links

Viktor Bryukhanov at the Chernobyl Wiki

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