October 13

Article

October 19, 2021

October 13 is the 286th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (287th in leap years). 79 to finish the year.

Historical events

0054 -- Roman Emperor Claudius dies of poison under mysterious circumstances. 0409 — Vandals and Alans cross the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania. 1307 - Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are arrested at dawn by King Philip the Beautiful, and then confess under torture to be heretics. 1775 — Continental Congress creates the Continental Navy (predecessor of the United States Navy). 1843—In New York City, the B'nai B'rith, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world, is founded. 1867 — The Central do Brasil Railroad reaches Entre Rios (today Três Rios) at the junction with the União e Indústria Highway. 1884 — Established the Greenwich meridian as a point of reference for determining time zones. 1885—The Georgia Institute of Technology is founded in Atlanta, Georgia. 1892 — Edward Emerson Barnard records the first comet discovered by photographic means. 1917 — The "Miracle of the Sun" is witnessed by around 70,000 people in Cova da Iria in Portugal. 1921 - The Soviet republics sign the Treaty of Kars to formalize the borders between Turkey and the southern Caucasus states. 1923 — Ankara becomes the capital of Turkey. 1930 — The Bishop of Leiria officially makes public the apparitions of Our Lady in Fátima. 1943—World War II: New Italian government joins allies and declares war on Germany. 1949 — Young Pioneers of China, a children's organization linked to the Communist Party of China, is officially founded. 1970 — Fiji is admitted as a UN Member State. 1972 — Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes Mountains. 28 people survive the accident. All but 16 succumb before the December 23 rescue. 1977 — Hijacking of Lufthansa flight 181 by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. 1982 — The formation of the reservoir of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant begins, extinguishing the Sete Quedas. 2010 — The accident at the San José mine in Chile ends when all 33 trapped miners reach the surface after a record 69 days underground. 2016 — Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations. 2018 — Hurricane Leslie arrives in Portugal as an extratropical cyclone with winds of 110 kilometers per hour, causing 15 deaths.

Births

Prior to the 19th century

1162 — Eleanor of England (d. 1214). 1381 — Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel (d. 1415). 1453 — Edward of Westminster (d. 1471). 1474 — Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515). 1499 — Claudia of France, Queen of France (d. 1524). 1613 — Luísa de Gusmão, Queen of Portugal (d. 1666). 1709 — Bento Morganti, Portuguese writer (d. ?). 1713 — Allan Ramsay, British painter (d. 1784).

19th century

1818 — Henry Allon, British religious (d. 1892). 1821 — Rudolf Virchow, German physician (d. 1902). 1835 — Alphonse Milne-Edwards, French zoologist (d. 1900). 1857 — Paulo Marques, Brazilian journalist, novelist and playwright (d. 1884). 1862 — Mary Kingsley, ethnographer, scientific writer and British explorer (d. 1900). 1887 — Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947).

20th century

1901–1950

1905 — Coloman Braun-Bogdan, Romanian footballer and football coach (d. 1983). 1916 — Edu da Gaita, Brazilian musician (d. 1982). 1921 — Yves Montand, French actor and singer (d. 1991). 1922 — Gilberto Mendes, erudite composer and Brazilian avant-garde music (d. 2016). 1925 — Margaret Thatcher, British policy (d. 2013). 1931 — Raymond Kopa, French footballer (d. 2017). 1932 — Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005). 1936 — Willy Gonser, Brazilian sports announcer

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