October 13


October 19, 2021

October 13 is the 286th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (287th in leap years). 79 to finish the year.

Historical events

0054 -- Roman Emperor Claudius dies of poison under mysterious circumstances. 0409 — Vandals and Alans cross the Pyrenees and appear in Hispania. 1307 - Hundreds of Knights Templar in France are arrested at dawn by King Philip the Beautiful, and then confess under torture to be heretics. 1775 — Continental Congress creates the Continental Navy (predecessor of the United States Navy). 1843—In New York City, the B'nai B'rith, the oldest Jewish service organization in the world, is founded. 1867 — The Central do Brasil Railroad reaches Entre Rios (today Três Rios) at the junction with the União e Indústria Highway. 1884 — Established the Greenwich meridian as a point of reference for determining time zones. 1885—The Georgia Institute of Technology is founded in Atlanta, Georgia. 1892 — Edward Emerson Barnard records the first comet discovered by photographic means. 1917 — The "Miracle of the Sun" is witnessed by around 70,000 people in Cova da Iria in Portugal. 1921 - The Soviet republics sign the Treaty of Kars to formalize the borders between Turkey and the southern Caucasus states. 1923 — Ankara becomes the capital of Turkey. 1930 — The Bishop of Leiria officially makes public the apparitions of Our Lady in Fátima. 1943—World War II: New Italian government joins allies and declares war on Germany. 1949 — Young Pioneers of China, a children's organization linked to the Communist Party of China, is officially founded. 1970 — Fiji is admitted as a UN Member State. 1972 — Uruguayan Air Force Flight 571 crashes in the Andes Mountains. 28 people survive the accident. All but 16 succumb before the December 23 rescue. 1977 — Hijacking of Lufthansa flight 181 by the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine. 1982 — The formation of the reservoir of the Itaipu Hydroelectric Power Plant begins, extinguishing the Sete Quedas. 2010 — The accident at the San José mine in Chile ends when all 33 trapped miners reach the surface after a record 69 days underground. 2016 — Maldives announces its decision to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations. 2018 — Hurricane Leslie arrives in Portugal as an extratropical cyclone with winds of 110 kilometers per hour, causing 15 deaths.


Prior to the 19th century

1162 — Eleanor of England (d. 1214). 1381 — Thomas FitzAlan, 12th Earl of Arundel (d. 1415). 1453 — Edward of Westminster (d. 1471). 1474 — Mariotto Albertinelli, Italian painter (d. 1515). 1499 — Claudia of France, Queen of France (d. 1524). 1613 — Luísa de Gusmão, Queen of Portugal (d. 1666). 1709 — Bento Morganti, Portuguese writer (d. ?). 1713 — Allan Ramsay, British painter (d. 1784).

19th century

1818 — Henry Allon, British religious (d. 1892). 1821 — Rudolf Virchow, German physician (d. 1902). 1835 — Alphonse Milne-Edwards, French zoologist (d. 1900). 1857 — Paulo Marques, Brazilian journalist, novelist and playwright (d. 1884). 1862 — Mary Kingsley, ethnographer, scientific writer and British explorer (d. 1900). 1887 — Jozef Tiso, Slovak politician (d. 1947).

20th century


1905 — Coloman Braun-Bogdan, Romanian footballer and football coach (d. 1983). 1916 — Edu da Gaita, Brazilian musician (d. 1982). 1921 — Yves Montand, French actor and singer (d. 1991). 1922 — Gilberto Mendes, erudite composer and Brazilian avant-garde music (d. 2016). 1925 — Margaret Thatcher, British policy (d. 2013). 1931 — Raymond Kopa, French footballer (d. 2017). 1932 — Jack Colvin, American actor (d. 2005). 1936 — Willy Gonser, Brazilian sports announcer

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