January 14th is the 14th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 351 left to finish the year (352 in leap years).
1301 – Andrew III of Hungary dies putting an end to the Arpads dynasty in Hungary.
1539 – Spain annexes Cuba.
1659 – War of Restoration: Portuguese and Spanish face off in the Battle of the Lines of Elvas.
1797 – Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Rivoli, a key victory in the first French campaign in Italy against Austria.
1814 – Treaty of Kiel: Frederick VI of Denmark cedes Norway to Sweden in exchange for Pomerania.
1822 – Greek War of Independence: Acrocorinth is captured by Theodoros Kolokotronis and Demetrios Ypsilantis.
1911 – Roald Amundsen's South Pole expedition reaches the eastern edge of the Ross Ice Shelf.
1939 – Norway claims Queen Maud's Land in Antarctica.
1943 – World War II:
Japan begins successful Operation Ke to evacuate its forces from Guadalcanal during the Guadalcanal Campaign.
Franklin D. Roosevelt and Winston Churchill initiate the Casablanca Conference to discuss strategies and study the next phase of the war.
1950 – Inaugural flight of the first MiG-17 prototype.
1954 – Hudson Motor Car Company merges with Nash-Kelvinator Corporation, forming American Motors Corporation.
1967 – 1960s Counterculture: The Human Be-In takes place in San Francisco, California, in Golden Gate Park, launching the Summer of Love.
1969 – Start of the Soviet space mission Soyuz 4.
1972 – Margaret II of Denmark ascends the throne, the first Queen of Denmark since 1412 and the first Danish monarch not named Frederick or Christian since 1513.
1973 – Live satellite broadcast of Elvis Presley's concert Aloha from Hawaii: Via Satellite sets the record for the most watched broadcast by an individual animator in television history.
2000 – United Nations court sentences five Bosnian Croats to 25 years in prison for the killing of more than 100 Bosnian Muslims in 1993.
2005 – Cassini-Huygens probe lands on Titan.
2010 – Yemen declares an open war against the terrorist group al-Qaeda.
2011 – Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, President of Tunisia, flees to Saudi Arabia after a series of street demonstrations against his regime and corrupt policies, calling for freedom, rights and democracy, considered the anniversary of the Tunisian Revolution and the birth of Arab Spring.
Suicide attack in Jakarta, Indonesia, kills two people.
The World Health Organization declares the end of the Ebola virus epidemic in West Africa that has caused more than eleven thousand deaths.
2019 – Fifteen people die after a Saha Air Lines Boeing 707 crashes at Iranian Fath Air Base.
Prior to the 19th century
83 BC – Mark Antony, Roman soldier and politician (d. 30 BC).
1131 — Valdemar I of Denmark (d. 1182).
1273 – Joan I of Navarre, queen regnant of Navarre, queen consort of France (d. 1305).
1451 – Franchinus Gaffurius, Italian composer and theorist (d. 1522).
1477 – Hermann von Wied, German archbishop (d. 1552).
1507 – Catherine of Austria, queen of Portugal (d. 1578).
1551 – Abu'l-Fazl ibn Mubarak, grand vizier of Emperor Akbar (d. 1602).
1552 — Alberico Gentili, Italian-English scholar and jurist (d. 1608).
1684 – Jean-Baptiste van Loo, French painter (d. 1745).
1700 – Picander, German poet and playwright (d. 1764).
1702 – Nakamikado, Emperor of Japan (d. 1737).
1705 – Jean-Baptiste Charles Bouvet de Lozier, French sailor, explorer and politician (d. 1786).
1741 – Benedict Arnold, American-British general (d. 1801).
1767 – Maria Theresa of Austria (d. 1827).
1800 – Ludwig von Köchel, Austrian composer, botanist and publisher (d. 1877).
1806 – Matthew Fontaine Maury, American astronomer, oceanographer, and historian