May 14th

Article

May 29, 2022

May 14 is the 134th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (135th in leap years). There are 231 left to finish the year.

Historical Events

1097 – Beginning of the Siege of Nicaea in the First Crusade. 1264 – Battle of Lewes: Henry III of England is captured and forced to sign an agreement, making Simon de Montfort the de facto ruler of England. 1608 – Foundation of the Protestant Union. 1796 – Edward Jenner tests the first smallpox vaccine. 1804 – The Lewis and Clark Expedition departs Camp Dubois and begins its historic journey up the Missouri River. 1811 Beginning of the circulation of the periodical "Idade d'Ouro do Brazil", first gazette in Bahia, second in Brazil. Paraguay: Pedro Juan Caballero, Fulgencio Yegros and José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia initiate actions to depose the Spanish governor. 1836 – The Treaty of Velasco is signed in Velasco, Texas. 1868 – Boshin War: The Battle of Utsunomiya Castle ends as the former forces of the Tokugawa shogunate withdraw to the north. 1915 – Uprising of 14 May 1915 in Portugal, which overthrows the 9th republican government, headed by Joaquim Pimenta de Castro. A Constitutional Board assumes power until the inauguration of the 10th republican government, headed by José de Castro on an interim basis because the president of the Ministry-designate João Chagas could not take office due to an attack. 1940 – World War II: Ultra attack kills about 900 people in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. 1948 – Israel is declared an independent state and a provisional government is established. Immediately after the declaration, Israel is attacked by neighboring Arab states, triggering the Arab-Israeli War of 1948. 1952 – The Brazilian Air Demonstration Squadron, known as the Smoke Squadron, holds its first official exhibition. 1955 – Cold War: Eight communist bloc countries, including the Soviet Union, sign a mutual defense treaty called the Warsaw Pact. 1961 – Civil rights movement: The Freedom Riders' bus is bombed near Anniston, Alabama, and civil rights protesters are beaten by an angry mob. 1970 – Andreas Baader is released from his provisional detention by Ulrike Meinhof, Gudrun Ensslin and others, a pivotal moment in the formation of the Red Army Faction. 1973 – Launch of Skylab, the first US space station. 2004 – The Constitutional Court of Korea overturns the impeachment of President Roh Moo-hyun. 2005 – The Brazilian political crisis known as the monthly allowance scandal erupts. 2013 – Same-sex marriage is allowed throughout Brazil, by resolution of the National Council of Justice. 2015 – The Plenary of the Federal Supreme Court recognizes the investigative power of the Public Ministry of Brazil.

Births

Prior to the 19th century

1316 – Charles IV of the Holy Roman Empire (d. 1378). 1553 – Margaret of Valois, queen of France and Navarre (d. 1615). 1679 – Peder Horrebow, Danish astronomer (d. 1764). 1710 – Adolph Frederick of Sweden (d. 1771). 1725 – Ludovico Manin, doge of Venice (d. 1802). 1727 – Thomas Gainsborough, British painter (d. 1788). 1761 – Adélaïde de Souza, French writer (d. 1836). 1771 – Robert Owen, British businessman and philosopher (d. 1858).

19th century

1841 – Squire Bancroft, British actor and theater director (d. 1926). 1854 – Maria Pavlovna of Russia (d. 1920). 1867 – Kurt Eisner, German politician (d. 1919). 1872 – Marcel Renault, French automaker and industrialist (d. 1903). 1875 – José Santos Chocano, Peruvian poet and writer (d. 1934). 1880 – B. C. Forbes, British journalist and writer (d. 1954). 1884 – Claudius Dornier, German designer (d. 1969). 1885 — Otto Klemperer, conductor and composer to