1659 (MDCLIX, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 17th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was E (52 weeks), it began on a Wednesday and also ended on a Wednesday. -market.
Peace of the Pyrenees between France and Spain with the end of Spanish dominance in Europe.
The Portuguese defeat the Spaniards on the lines of Elvas. Despite remaining active until the present century, the defenses of Elvas had their greatest moment in January 1659, in the episode that became known as the Battle of the Lines of Elvas, following the War of Restoration.
Charles X attacks Copenhagen.
Ruler in Portugal: D. Afonso VI.
23 April - Issue of the permit authorizing the reconstruction and expansion of the Church of São Jorge das Velas, requested by Father Baltazar Dias Teixeira, and granted by D. Afonso VI of Portugal.
February 1 - Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch explorer (d. 1729).
September 10 – Henry Purcell, British composer (d. 1695).
Pieter van der Aa, Dutch geographer, bookseller and publisher (d. 1733).
March 30 - Alexandre Fichet, Jesuit, French scholar and preacher (b. 1588).
October 10 – Abel Tasman, Dutch navigator and explorer, discoverer of Tasmania (b. 1603).