May 29, 2022

1771 (MDCCLXXI, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 18th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, its Sunday letter was F (52 weeks), it began on a Tuesday and also ended on a Tuesday. fair.


January - Spain agrees to cede the Falkland Islands to England, but makes no amends for having insulted the English flag. Around the same period, Prince Henry of Prussia visited Russia and proposed partitioning Poland. February 3 - Auto-da-fé in Goa with 91 convicts. February 25 - The Feitoria de Linhos is extinguished. April 9 - Portuguese poet Pedro Correia Garção is arrested in Limoeiro. June - Russia completes conquest of Crimea. June 4th - Teaching becomes dependent on the Royal Censorship Board. July - Austria and Turkey sign a treaty intended to force Russia to return conquered territories 12th of July - The General Inspectorate for Diamonds is created in Lisbon. The crown retains the exclusive lease on your holding. 6th of September - Marquês de Pombal's carriage is stoned outside the palace. The perpetrator of the "crime" is immediately arrested. Discovered Oxygen. Elevation of the Portuguese village of Figueira da Foz to the status of village. In Portugal, elevation to the category of city of Castelo Branco. The Portuguese government assumed the exploitation of diamonds as a monopoly of the Crown The Portuguese government itself assumed the exploitation of diamonds as a monopoly of the Crown.

Politics, Economics, Law and Education

In June - The Cordoaria Nacional de Portugal is created. Serfdom is abolished in Savoy. F. de Melo Palheta introduces the coffee culture to Brazil. Figueira da Foz is promoted to village; Castelo Branco receives the title of city. The construction of A Real Fábrica de Lanifício de Portalegre begins. Legislation concerning the liberation of black slaves is published in Portugal. February 6 - A charter decreeing the free export of cereals from the Azores islands. 6th of February - Concession to the Azores of the category of province of Portugal

Science and Technology

Lavoisier experiments on the composition of air. Luigi Galvani discovers the electrical nature of nerve impulses. J. A. Delue lays down rules for measuring altitudes with the barometer.


In July - The regulation of theaters in Portugal is created. In August - The opinion of the Junta da Providência Literária is presented to the King of Portugal on the state of Arts and Sciences in the kingdom. Jacopo Facciolati, assisted by Egidio Forcellini, Totius Latinitatis Lexicon. W. Robertson, History of America. The first edition of the Encyclopedia Britannica is released.

Philosophy and Religion

In June - Clement XIV again grants the bull of the Crusade (published in November 1772) J. S. Semler, Studies on the Free Inquiry of the Canon. Wesley denies justification by his works. Petition to Parliament to exempt English clergy from subscribing to the 39th Articles was dismissed. John Jebb and other theologians became Unitarians.

Painting, Sculpture and Architecture

Benjamin West, The Death of the Wolf (painting). J. A. Houdon, the bust of Diderot.


March 16 – Antoine-Jean Gros, French Romantic painter (d. 1835). April 13 – Richard Trevithick, British inventor. April 27 – Jean Rapp, French general (d. 1821). May 14 - Robert Owen, English utopian socialist and cooperative (d. 1858); June 3 – Sydney Smith, British Anglican writer and clergyman (d. 1845) August 15 - Walter Scott, creator of the true historical novel (d.1832) November 14 – Marie François Xavier Bichat, French anatomist and physiologist (d. 1802) ?? - Bernardo José de Abrantes e Castro, Portuguese doctor, diplomat and journalist (d. 1833).


September 17 - Tobias Smollet aged 51. September 27 - Jerônimo de Ornelas, portuguese