1869

Article

May 28, 2022

1869 (MDCCCLXIX, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 19th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was C, had 52 weeks, beginning on a Friday and also ending on a Friday. fair.

Events

Food crisis that led to hunger among the population of the island of São Miguel, Azores. The Doctor. João da Graça Júnior, lawyer and teacher at Liceu da Horta, Faial Island, Azores, is accused of holding proselytizing meetings. He is acquitted and continues to hold meetings. Establishment of a brandy distillation factory on the island of São Jorge. Creation of the Order of Saint Peter of Cetinje by then Prince Nicholas I of Montenegro. Abd al-Rahman Khan is exiled from Afghanistan. Basutoland becomes a British protectorate.

February

February 23 - Slavery is abolished in all Portuguese domains.

March

March 4 - Ulysses S. Grant succeeds Andrew Johnson as 18th President of the United States. March 6 - Dmitri Mendeleev presents the first periodic table to the Russian Chemical Society.

May

May 10 - The First Transcontinental Railroad opens at the "Golden Spike" ceremony in Utah, United States.

October

October 12 - Foundation of the city of Timbó Santa Catarina.ScienceFriedrich Miescher discovers a weak acid in the nucleus of white blood cells that we currently call DNAInventosYear of the invention of Gum. Year of the invention of the Vibrator (sex).MusicalCarnaval - According to Eneida de Moraes, the Fenianos carnival society is founded in Rio de Janeiro, as a dissidence of Tenentes do Diabo. Carnaval - The Jacinto Heller Theater Company presents the play "O Zé Pereira Carnavalesco" where, for the first time, the Portuguese version of the theme from Les pompiers de Nanterre is sung, which would become Zé Pereira's characteristic song. 1869 to July 18, 1870 - Opening of Vatican Council I. Vatican I was the twentieth ecumenical council of the Catholic Church.

Births

January 21 – Grigoriy Yefimovich Rasputin, Russian mystic (d. 1916). March 4 - Eugénio de Castro, Portuguese poet and writer (d. 1944). March 18 – Neville Chamberlain, former British Prime Minister (d. 1940) March 22 – Emilio Aguinaldo, President of the Philippines from 1898 to 1901 (d. 1964) June 27 – Emma Goldman, Lithuanian anarchist (d. 1940). July 8 - Daniel Salamanca Urey, president of Bolivia from 1931 to 1934 (d. 1935). July 13 - Eugênia Ana dos Santos, important priestess of Bahia (d. 1938). August 28 - Augusto Fragoso, 16th President of Brazil (d. 1945). September 4 – Karl Seitz, was an Austrian politician and president of Austria from 1919 to 1920 (d. 1950). October 2 - Mahatma Gandhi, Indian leader (d. 1948). October 16 - Washington Luiz, 14th President of Brazil (d. 1957). November 8 - Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American attorney, deputy judge and second president of the Watchtower Society (USA). November 11 - Victor Emmanuel III of Italy - King of Italy from 1900 to 1946, Emperor of Ethiopia in 1941 and King of Albania from 1939 to 1943 (d. 1947) December 11 - Abade Arede, Portuguese abbot and historian (d. 1953). December 31 - Henri Matisse, French painter (d. 1954). ? - José Gutiérrez Guerra, president of Bolivia from 1917 to 1920 (d. 1939).

Deaths

January 19 - Carl Reichenbach, German industrialist, chemist, naturalist and philosopher (b. 1788). March 8 - José Inácio de Abreu e Lima in Recife (Brazil), Brazilian soldier, journalist and writer. Hero of the Liberation of Spanish America (b. 1794) March 31 - Allan Kardec, codifier of the spiritist doctrine (b. 1804). April 26 - Théodore Maunoir- Swiss surgeon and co-founder of the International Red Cross (b. 1806). December 26 – Jean Léonard Marie Poiseuille, French physician and physicist