1881

Article

July 6, 2022

1881 (MDCCCLXXXI, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 19th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was B (52 weeks), it began on a Saturday and ended on a Saturday.

Events

Establishment of the Lagoa Alcohol Factory, Lagoa, São Miguel Island, Azores. Inauguration of the Aveiro Theater. Beginning of the reign of Lam Tshewang, Desi Druk of the Kingdom of Bhutan, reigned until 1883. The Cinco Ribeiras Fort is considered abandoned in the list of Tombos dos Fortes on Terceira Island, Azores. During the elaboration of the Tombo dos Fortes da Ilha Terceira, the Fort of Santo António do Porto Judeu, parish of Porto Judeu, Terceira island was found abandoned, but in good condition. The Sagrado Coração de Jesus Philharmonic Society is founded, on the initiative of Monsignor José Alves da Silva.

January

January 17 - The War of the Pacific begins (19th century). Chilean troops invade Lima. January 24 - Russian troops under the auspices of General Mikhail Skobele defeat the Turksmen at the Siege of Gökdepe. January 25 - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Eastern Telephone Company.

February

February 24 - Chile occupies Araucanía for the acculturation of the region, a process that takes place almost throughout the second half of the 19th century.

March

March 4 - James A. Garfield is sworn in as President of the United States. March 7 - the Amazonas municipality of Lábrea is founded. March 13 - Alexander II, Tsar of Russia, is assassinated by the revolutionary group Narodnaya volya. He is succeeded by his son Alexander III.

June

June 28 - Foundation of the city of Ilhéus (Bahia - Brazil).

July

July - End of the third reign of Jigme Namgyal, Desi Druk of the Kingdom of Bhutan, who has reigned since 1880.

September

September 19 - US President James A. Garfield dies of injuries sustained when he was shot by attorney Charles Julius Guiteau just over two months earlier, on July 2. His vice president Chester A. Arthur takes over from him.

November

November 8 - In Paris, the first flight of a dirigible balloon, Le Victoria, took place by Júlio César Ribeiro de Sousa.

December

December 25 - First flight in Brazil, in Belém, of a dirigible balloon, Le Victoria, and the second flight in the world by Júlio César Ribeiro de Sousa.

Births

January 17 - Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, UK anthropologist (d. 1955). January 31 – Irving Langmuir, American chemist, winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1957) February 2 - Eulalio Gutiérrez, acting president of Mexico from 1914 to 1915 (d. 1939). February 25 – Aleksei Rykov, Soviet leader (d. 1938) March 12 – Kemal Atatürk, Turkish statesman and soldier (d. 1938) March 17 – Walter Rudolf Hess, Swiss physiologist, 1949 Nobel Prize in Medicine (d. 1973) March 23 - Hermann Staudinger, German chemist, awarded the 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry (d. 1965). April 3 - Alcide De Gasperi, Prime Minister of Italy from 1945 to 1953 and Provisional President of Italy in 1946 (d. 1954). May 1 - Teilhard de Chardin, French priest, archaeologist and philosopher (d. 1955) May 13 - Lima Barreto, Brazilian writer. May 26 - Adolfo de la Huerta, acting president of Mexico in 1920 (d. 1955). June 14 - Aluísio de Castro, Brazilian physician and poet (d. 1959) July 27 – Hans Fischer, German chemist, 1930 Nobel laureate in Chemistry (d. 1945) August 5 - João do Rio, Brazilian chronicler, journalist and playwright (d. 1921) August 6 – Alexander Fleming, Scottish physician and pharmacologist, awarded the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945 (d. 1955) September 29 – Ludwig von Mises, Austrian economist at the Austrian School of Economics (d. 1973) October 25th - Pablo Pic