August 12, 2022

1892 (MDCCCXCII, in Roman numerals) was a leap year of the 19th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letters were C and B (52 weeks), it started on a Friday and ended on a Saturday.


The queen of Portugal Amélia de Orleães founds the Instituto de Socorros a Náufragos. Inauguration of Viaduto do Chá in the city of São Paulo. Inauguration of the Faculty of Law at UFMG. Goiana is elevated to municipality. Publication of the booklet “The Azorean Independence” and its “Fundament”, by António de Ávila Gomes.


January 1 – Ellis Island begins welcoming immigrants to the United States.


February 16 - Emancipation of the Brazilian municipality of Areia Branca.


March - Second Revolt of the Armada - Rio de Janeiro - Brazil. March 25 Foundation of the municipality of Ponta Porã. March 31 Composition of the anthem of the Independence of the Azores that was not made public. Presentation of the first autonomy project for the Azores by deputy Aristides Moreira da Mota.


April 27 - Elevation of the Diocese of Rio de Janeiro to the rank of Archdiocese by Pope Leo XIII.


May 12 – Delivery (symbolic) of the "Long Tom" cannon at the Santa Cruz da Horta Fort, city of Horta, to the US minister.


3 June Foundation of Liverpool Football Club. June 28 - Inauguration of the Elevador da Bica in Lisbon. Alleging reason for insalubrity, the carnival in Rio de Janeiro is transferred to June. The confetti is used for the first time in the Brazilian carnival, in Rio de Janeiro.


August 6 – Extinction of the General Boards of the districts of the Azores. August 28 - Monsignor Domingos Evangelista Pinheiro welcomed the call of God with joy and faith and, on August 28, 1892, the Congregation of the Auxiliary Sisters of Nossa Senhora da Piedade (CIANSP).http://www.ciansp.com.br/historia/


October 28 - Premieres one of the world's first animated films, Le Clown et ses chiens


December 18, 1892 - Premiere of The Nutcracker (ballet) at the Mariinsky Theater in Saint Petersburg.


January 1 – Manuel Roxas, President of the Philippines from 1946 to 1948 (d. 1958) January 3 - J.R.R. Tolkien, English writer, author of The Lord of the Rings. (d. 1973) January 14 – Martin Niemöller, German Lutheran pastor. (d. 1984) January 18 – Oliver Hardy, American actor. (d. 1957) January 28 - Ernst Lubitsch, German actor and film director. (d. 1947) January 31 – Eddie Cantor, American singer and actor. (d. 1964) February 6 – William Parry Murphy, American physicist. (d. 1987) March 27 - António Assis Esperança, Portuguese writer and journalist (d. 1975) March 28 – Corneille Jean François Heymans, Belgian physiologist. (d. 1968) March 30 – Stefan Banach, Polish mathematician (d. 1945) March 30 - Luciano de Souza Novaes, mathematician (d. 1975) April 8 – Mary Pickford, Canadian actress. (d. 1979) April 20 – Harold Lloyd, American actor and comedian (d. 1971) April 23 - Francisco Cavalcanti Pontes de Miranda, Brazilian jurist, philosopher, diplomat and writer (d. 1979) May 2 – Manfred von Richthofen, the Red Baron, German airline pilot (d. 1918) May 3 – George Paget Thomson, British physicist. (d. 1975) May 9 - Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Last Empress of Austria and Queen of Turkey. (d. 1989) May 25 - Josip Broz Tito, President of the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia from 1953 to 1963 and President of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia from 1963 to 1980 (d. 1980). June 21 – Reinhold Niebuhr, American theologian (d. 1971). July 15 - Walter Benjamin, German philosopher (d. 1940). July 23 - Haile Sela