1894

Article

July 6, 2022

1894 (MDCCCXCIV, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 19th century Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was G (52 weeks), it started on a Monday and ended also on a Monday.

Events

Japan declares war on China, starting the Sino-Japanese War, ending in 1905. In London, Tower Bridge is inaugurated, with the presence of the then Prince of Wales, Edward VII. Beginning of the government of Prudente de Morais in Brazil. Bacteria, until this date classified as plants, became part of the kingdom of protists and are currently classified in the kingdom of Bacteria. A meeting of writers and journalists takes place in the hall of Teatro Angrense, in order to hold a celebration in the city of Angra for the 5th centenary of the birth of Infante Dom Henrique.

February

February 15 - The Polytechnic School of São Paulo is inaugurated.

March

March 1 - Prudente de Morais and Manuel Vitorino are elected president and vice president of the Republic.

May

May 28 - The Regulation of the School of Sergeants of Arms is approved, this document makes reference to the Arms of Infantry, Cavalry, Artillery and Engineering.

June

June 23 - The International Olympic Committee is founded at the Sourbone University in Paris, conceived by French Baron Piérre De Coubertin and its first president, Greek Dimitrius Vikélas.

July

July 19 - São José do Rio Preto, then district of Jaboticabal, is elevated to municipality, with the name of Rio Preto. July 22 - The world's first car race takes place in France, between Paris and Rouen.

September

September 27 - foundation of the Brazilian city of Manacapuru (Amazonas).

November

November 15 - President Prudente de Morais and Vice-President Manuel Vitorino take office in a formal session at the National Congress.

Births

January 4 - Manuel Dias de Abreu, Brazilian physician (d. 1962) January 8 – Saint Maximilian Maria Kolbe, Polish Catholic martyr (d. 1941) February 1 – John Ford, American filmmaker (d 1973) February 8 – King Vidor, American filmmaker (d. 1982) February 10 – Harold Macmillan, English politician and Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1957 to 1963 (d. 1986). February 18 – Omar O'Grady, Brazilian engineer and politician, mayor of the city of Natal from 1924 to 1930 (d. 1985) March 5 - Artur de Magalhães Basto, Portuguese professor and historian (d. 1960) March 19 – Joseph Kane, American filmmaker, producer, editor and screenwriter (d. 1975) April 17 - Nikita Khrushchov, General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1954 (d. 1971). April 26 – Rudolf Heß, dignitary of the Third Reich (d. 1987) May 13 - Ásgeir Ásgeirsson, President of Iceland from 1952 to 1968 (d. 1972). May 22 – Friedrich Pollock, German sociologist, economist and philosopher (d. 1970) June 23 - Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom in 1936 (d. 1972). July 3 - Jaime de Barros Câmara, Brazilian cardinal (d.1971) July 11 - Walter Wanger, American film producer (d. 1968). July 17 – Georges Lemaître, Belgian priest, astronomer and physicist (d. 1966) Warren Weaver, American mathematician (d. 1978). September 12 - Vicente Celestino, Brazilian singer (d.1968) September 15 – Jean Renoir, French filmmaker (d. 1979) October 1 - António Alves Martins, Portuguese journalist and poet (d. 1929). October 14 – Heinrich Lübke, was a German politician and President of Germany from 1959 to 1969 (d. 1972). December 17 - David Butler, American filmmaker (d. 1979). ? - Kiichiro Toyoda, Japanese car builder and engineer (d.1952).

Deaths

June 25 – Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (b. 1837). September 8 – Hermann von Helmholtz, German physician and physicist (b. 1821). 18 d