1895

Article

August 12, 2022

1895 (MDCCCXCV, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 19th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, its Sunday letter was F (52 weeks), it began on a Tuesday and also ended on a Tuesday. fair.

Events

The First Sino-Japanese War ends. With the military defeat, the Chinese requested the beginning of negotiations. According to the Treaty of Shimonoseki, signed on April 17, 1895, China recognized the total independence of Korea, and therefore ceased to receive tribute from that country, ceded the Liaodong Peninsula (in the south of present-day Liaoning Province, which included the Ports of from Dalian and Lushun (Port Arthur)), Taiwan and the Pescadores Islands to Japan "in perpetuity". In addition, China was obliged to pay a heavy war indemnity. China has also signed a Trade Treaty that allows Japanese ships to operate on the Yangtze River, to operate treaty factories in the ports and to open four more ports to Foreign Trade. The School of Engineering of the Federal University of Pernambuco (UFPE) was created Wilhelm Röntgen discovers the X-ray The Azorean Júlio Francisco da Silva Oliveira starts, in Lisbon, a mission at home. (The London Methodist Society), through its ministers in Porto Roberto Moreton and Alfredo da Silva will help.) Foundation of the Espírito Santo Empire of Corpo Santo in the parish of Conceição de Angra do Heroísmo. The Chapel of São João located in Fajã de São João, on the island of São Jorge, is undergoing restoration and the bell tower it currently has is added. End of the construction works of the Ermida do Senhor Bom Jesus da Fajã Grande, island of São Jorge, which began in 1889, the responsibility for the construction is due to the initiative of José de Azevedo Machado, it was blessed on October 18, 1896. The peace in the Gaucho province was effected, with the granting of a general amnesty by Prudente de Morais, whose rise to power symbolizes the end of the political power of the military and the resumption of the political predominance of the landowners, that is, of the agrarian oligarchies. The modern daylight saving time idea was proposed by New Zealander George Hudson in 1895. Germany and Austria-Hungary organized the first implementation, starting on April 30, 1916 Emergence of the Chicago School from a donation made by John D. Rockefeller

January

January 13 – Establishment of the administrative division of the Azores with three district headquarters in: Ponta Delgada, Angra do Heroísmo and Horta.

February

February 14 - At the St. James, in London, the play The Importance of Being Prudent, written by Oscar Wilde, is presented for the first time.

March

March 2 – Appointment of Dr. Ernesto do Canto in the position of president of the General Board of Ponta Delgada, island of São Miguel.

April

Foundation of the São Paulo Railway.

August

August 29 - Elevation of the town of Leme, in the State of São Paulo, to the status of municipality.

September

September 8 - Elevation of the village of São Filipe do Juruá in a municipality, which would later be renamed Eirunepé.

October

October 22 – Derailment of the Paris-Granville Express at Gare Montparnasse destroyed much of the station.

November

November 8 - Prof. Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen, in the laboratory in Bavaria, southern Germany, discovered X-rays. November 15 - Pope Leo XIII creates the Diocese of Espírito Santo. November 17 - Foundation of Clube de Regatas do Flamengo in the city of Rio de Janeiro, but, to honor the Republic, the foundation date is fixed on November 15, 1895.

December

8 December – Election to the General Board of Ponta Delgada, island of São Miguel. December 22 - Röntgen takes the first X-ray in history by his wife's hand. December 28 - The Lumière brothers show the public the film L'Arrivée d'un for the first time