1898 (MDCCCXCVIII, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 19th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, from the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was B (52 weeks), it began on a Saturday and ended also on a Saturday.
January 29 - The Amazonian municipality of Benjamin Constant is founded, the name of the municipality was given - at the suggestion of General Cândido Rondon, when he headed the Mixed Committee of Letícia - in honor of General Benjamin Constant Botelho de Magalhães, the promoter of the movement of November 15, 1889, which proclaimed the Republic.
February 15 - Battleship USS Maine explodes in Havana; triggering the Spanish-American War, between the United States and Spain.
February 25 - Foundation of the French vehicle factory Renault by Louis Renault.
March 1 - Campos Salles is elected president of Brazil
May 20 - Inauguration of the Vasco da Gama Aquarium, in Portugal.
May 28 - Italian photographer Secondo Pia takes the first photographs of the Holy Shroud.
July 1—Spanish-American War: Battle of San Juan Hill is fought in Santiago de Cuba.
August 21st - Foundation of the Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama in the city of Rio de Janeiro
August 24 - The Pepsi-Cola soft drink brand is created.
September 10 - assassination of Empress Sissi on the Les Pâquis pier in Geneva
November 15 - Campos Salles takes office as president of Brazil, replacing Prudente de Morais.
January 2 - St. Brother Jaime Hilario, Catholic saint and martyr. (d. 1937)
January 3 - Luís Carlos Prestes, Brazilian communist militant (d. 1990)
January 23 - Alvar Aalto, Finnish architect (d. 1976)
January 14 - Juarez Távora Military and Brazilian Politician (d. 1975)
February 18 - Enzo Ferrari the founder of Ferrari (d. 1988)
February 20 - Francisco Matarazzo Sobrinho, Italian-Brazilian industrialist, politician and patron (d. 1977)
March 2 - Amélia Rey Colaço, Portuguese director and actress (theatre) (d. 1990).
March 4 - Georges Dumézil, French philologist (d. 1986).
Misao Okawa, oldest person in the world (d. 2015).
Zhou Enlai, Chinese revolutionary and politician (d. 1976).
March 12 - Peregrino Júnior, Brazilian physician and writer (d. 1983).
William James Sidis, child prodigy of the United States (d. 1944)
Roger Bastide, French sociologist (d. 1974)
April 6 - Jeanne Hébuterne, French painter (d.1920)
April 11 - Jerônimo Mazzarotto, Catholic bishop (d. 1999)
April 23 - Valentín Paz-Andrade, Galician writer, poet and journalist (d. 1987).
May 8 - Galileo Emendabili, Italian-Brazilian sculptor (d. 1974)
7th of June - Virgulino Ferreira da Silva (Lampião), most famous cangaceiro in Brazil (d. 1938)
June 24 - David Toro Ruilova, president of Bolivia from 1936 to 1937 (d. 1977).
July 19 - Herbert Marcuse, German sociologist, naturalized North American (d. 1979)
August 19 - Francisco Alves, Brazilian singer(m.1952)
3rd of September - Alves dos Reis, greatest fraud in Portuguese history (d. 1955)
October 18 - Leopoldo de Almeida, Portuguese sculptor (1975)
November 21 - René Magritte, Belgian painter (d. 1967)
November 24 - Liu Shaoqi, Chinese revolutionary and politician (d. 1969)
December 6 - Alfred Eisenstaedt, American photographer (d. 1995)
December 22 - Vladimir Fock, Soviet physicist (d. 1974).
November 29 - C.S. Lewis, English writer, author of The Chronicles of Narnia (d. 1963)
December 30 - Luís da Câmara Cascudo, historian, folklorist, anthropologist, lawyer and Brazilian journalist (d. 1986)
? - Paul Samuilovich Urysohn, Russian mathematician
? - Ludwig Bemelmans, painter
July 22 - Alexander Calder, American plastic artist (d. 1976)
May 16 - Jean Fautrier, chick