1912

Article

July 6, 2022

1912 (MCMXII, in Roman numerals) was a leap year of the 20th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letters were G and F (52 weeks), it started on a Monday and ended on a Tuesday.

Events

Álvaro Figueroa y Torres Mendieta replaces Manuel García Prieto as president of the Spanish government The Republic of China is established, ending 2000 years of Imperial rule and 268 years of the Qing Dynasty. The Republic of China adopts the Gregorian Calendar

January

January 1 - Sun Yat-Sen is sworn in as the first President of the Former Republic of China. January 1 - China declares itself independent from Japan and the Qing Dynasty. January 6 - New Mexico becomes the 47th US state. January 17 - Robert Falcon Scott reaches the South Pole, noting that Roald Amundsen had been there a month earlier. 30 January - Pact of Dover, agreement established between D. Manuel II and his cousin D. Miguel de Bragança in which the latter recognized the former as the legitimate King of Portugal.

February

February 12 - Emperor Pu Yi abdicates his throne in favor of the Republic of China, which marks the end of the 268-year Qing Dynasty and the beginning of the Republic of China that ruled Mainland China from 1912 to 1949.

March

March 1 - Sun Yat-sen resigns as President of the Republic of China, and Yuan Shikai ascends to power. March 5 – Italian forces use airships for the first time for military purposes, using them for aerial reconnaissance missions behind Turkish lines. March 29 - Robert Falcon Scott and his group of explorers die in a blizzard in Antarctica.

April

April 10 - The ocean liner RMS Titanic leaves the port of Southampton for New York. April 14 - Santos Futebol Clube is founded. April 14–15 - Sinking of the ocean liner RMS Titanic after hitting an iceberg in the North Atlantic, killing more than 1500 people.

June

June 16 - The Third Portuguese Constitutional Government, headed by Duarte Leite, takes office.

November

November 5 - New Jersey Governor and Democrat Woodrow Wilson is elected President of the United States defeating Theodore Roosevelt and William Howard Taft, ending 16 years of GOP government, and the first Democrat to rule the country since Grover Cleveland (President of the United States). United States 1885 - 1889; 1893 - 1897). November 12 - Manuel García Prieto replaces José Canalejas y Méndez as president of the government of Spain. November 27 - France and Spain sign a treaty whereby all lands in what is now Morocco south of the River Dra would come under Spanish rule; this territory had the designations of colony of Cape Juby and southern zone of the Spanish protectorate of Morocco. November 28 Albania's independence from the Ottoman Empire is proclaimed.

Births

January 31 - Camilo Ponce Enríquez, president of Ecuador from 1956 to 1960 (d. 1976). March 11 – Wálter Guevara Arze, president of Bolivia in 1979 (b. 1996). March 19 – Adolf Galland, German pilot who distinguished himself during World War II (d. 1996) April 15 – Kim Il-Sung, politician and president of North Korea (d. 1994). May 24 - Edward Victor Luckhoo, President of Guyana from 1966 to 1970 (d. 1998). August 10 - Jorge Amado, journalist, politician and writer from Bahia (d. 2001). August 22 – Stanislavs Ladusãns, Latvian priest and philosopher (d. 1993). August 23 – Gene Kelly, American dancer, director, actor, singer, producer and choreographer. Best known for his most famous work, Cantando na Chuva (d.1996). August 30 – Nancy Wake, New Zealand spy who rose to prominence during World War II (d. 2011). October 12 - Helena Kolody, Brazilian writer (d. 2004). October 17 - Pope John Paul