1943

Article

August 12, 2022

1943 (MCMXLIII, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 20th century of the current Gregorian Calendar, of the Age of Christ, and its Sunday letter was C, had 52 weeks, beginning on a Friday and also ending on a Friday. fair.

Events

January 14 to January 24 — The Casablanca Conference takes place. January 15 – Opening of the Pentagon in the United States. January 28 — Natal Conference: US President Franklin Roosevelt meets with Getúlio Vargas in Natal, when they agree on the formation of the Brazilian Expeditionary Force and define the resources for the Companhia Siderúrgica Nacional. April 19th Swiss chemist Dr. Albert Hofmann deliberately tries LSD for the first time. World War II: In Poland, the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising begins, after German troops enter the Warsaw Ghetto to take the remaining Jews. July 1 – The City of Tokyo merges with Tokyo Prefecture and is dissolved. Since that date, no city in Japan has been named "Tokyo" (present-day Tokyo is not officially a city). September 13 — Foundation of the federal territories of Iguaçu and Ponta Porã. December 7 — Foundation of the Focolare Movement, by Chiara Lubich.

Births

January 17 – René Préval, Prime Minister of Haiti in 1991 and President of Haiti from 1996 to 2001 and since 2006. January 20 - Armando Guebuza, president of Mozambique since 2005. February 10 – Florbela Queiroz, Portuguese actress. February 25 – George Harrison, musician, actor and film producer. (d. 2001) March 9 – José Nery Vieira, Brazilian politician, public defender from Ceará, and former attorney. (m. 2011) March 17 – Bakili Muluzi, President of Malawi from 1994 to 2004. April 14 – Fuad Siniora, Acting President of Lebanon from 2007 to 2008 and Prime Minister of Lebanon since 2005. May 14 – Ólafur Ragnar Grímsson, President of Iceland since 1996. July 26 - Mick Jagger, lead singer of The Rolling Stones August 11 – Pervez Musharraf, military man and president of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. August 13 – Ertha Pascal Trouillot, president of Haiti from 1990 to 1991. August 13 – Roberto Micheletti, President of Honduras from 2009 to 2010. August 14 - Fernando Miter, Journalist and Journalism Director at Rede Bandeirantes. August 23 – Pino Presti, Italian musician. August 23 – Raúl Cubas Grau, Paraguayan politician. October 14 – Mohammad Khatami, President of Iran from 1997 to 2005. November 23 – Denis Sassou-Nguesso, president of Congo from 1979 to 1992 and since 1997 and president of the Organization of African Unity and the African Union from 1986 to 1987 and from 2006 to 2007. December 8 - Jim Morrison, poet, songwriter, singer and leader of the American band The Doors. December 18 - Keith Richards, guitarist for the Rolling Stones. December 23 - Silvia Sommerlath, Queen Consort of Sweden. December 24 – Tarja Halonen, President of Finland since 2000. December 27 – Sam Hinds, President of Guyana in 1997 and Prime Minister of Guyana from 1992 to 1997.

Deaths

January 7, 1943 Nikola Tesla - Inventor in the fields of mechanical and electrical engineering. January 11 - Agustín Pedro Justo, president of Argentina from 1932 to 1938 (b. 1876). April 7 – Alexandre Millerand, president of France from 1920 to 1924 and prime minister in 1920 (b. 1859). April 18 - Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese admiral, planned the attack on Pearl Harbor, the plane he was following was shot down by American fighter jets (b. 1884). ∇ {\displaystyle \nabla } January 7 - Nikola Tesla, Croatian physicist, carrying out important research in electromagnetism (b. 1853). July 29 - Pedro Pablo Peña, president of Paraguay in 1912 (b. 1864).

Nobel Prize

Physics - Otto Stern Chemistry - George de Hevesy Medicine - Henrik Dam, Edward Adelbert Doisy, Gerhard Domagk. L