1952

Article

May 29, 2022

1952 (MCMLII, in Roman numerals) was a leap year of the 20th century that began on a Tuesday, according to the Gregorian calendar. His Sunday letters were FE. Shrove Tuesday took place on February 26th and Easter Sunday on April 13th. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Dragon, starting on January 27th.

Events

February 1 - Inauguration of the Rio de Janeiro-Galeão International Airport. February 6 - Elizabeth II succeeds her father George VI as monarch of the United Kingdom. February 27 - The first UN meeting was held at its permanent headquarters in New York. March 10 - General Fulgencio Batista seizes power in Cuba in a coup d'état. May 14 - First presentation of the Smoke Squadron. July 19 to August 3 - The 1952 Summer Olympics take place in Helsinki, where nearly 5,000 athletes participate. November 1 - The first hydrogen bomb, the Ivy Mike, is detonated. November 4 - Republican candidate Dwight Eisenhower is elected President of the United States with 55% of the vote. December 5 - The Great Fog of 1952, also known as Big Smoke, begins in the city of London, which lasted 4 days.

Births

February 10- J.C.P very important character of the writer K.P.B from 1952-2018 February 19 – Danilo Türk, President of Slovenia from 2007 to 2012. February 20 – Abdalá Bucaram, president of Ecuador from 1996 to 1997. May 25 – Petar Stoyanov, President of Bulgaria from 1997 to 2002. June 16 – Georgios Papandréu, Greek politician. July 1 – Thomas Yayi Boni, former president of Benin. July 25 - Eduardo Souto de Moura, Portuguese architect. August 17 – Nelson Piquet, former Brazilian driver, Formula 1 world champion in 1981, 1983 and 1987. September 20 – Manuel Zelaya, President of Honduras from 2006 to 2009. October 7 – Vladimir Putin, President of Russia from 1999 to 2008 and from 2012 to the present.

Deaths

January 25 – Sveinn Björnsson, President of Iceland from 1944 to 1952 (b. 1881). February 6 - King George VI of the United Kingdom. March 30 - Jigme Wangchuck, Maharaja of the Kingdom of Bhutan (b. 1905). June 1 - John Dewey, American philosopher and pedagogue (b. 1859). June 3 - Maria Amélia Perdigão Sampaio, Brazilian teacher and politician (b. 1877). July 21 - Pedro Lascuráin Paredes, President of Mexico on February 18, 1913 (b. 1856). July 26 - Evita Perón, actress, politician and First Lady of Argentina from 1946 to 1952 (b. 1919). September 19 - Maria Matos, Portuguese actress (b. 1886). September 22 – Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, President of Finland from 1919 to 1925 (b. 1865). September 27 - Francisco Alves, Brazilian singer (b.1898). October 8 - Arturo Rawson, President of Argentina from June 4 to 7, 1943 (b. 1885). October 26 - Hattie McDaniel, American actress, first black woman to win an Oscar (b. 1893). November 9 - Chaim Weizmann, President of Israel from 1949 to 1952 (b.1874). November 16 – Charles Maurras, French poet and journalist (b. 1868).

Nobel Prize

Physics - Felix Bloch, Edward Mills Purcell. Chemistry - Archer John Porter Martin, Richard Laurence Millington Synge. Medicine - Selman Abraham Waksman. Literature - François Mauriac. Peace - Albert Schweitzer.

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