1954 (MCMLIV, in Roman numerals) was a common 20th century year that began on a Friday, according to the Gregorian calendar. Its Sunday letter was C. Shrove Tuesday took place on March 2 and Easter Sunday on April 18. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Horse, starting on February 3.
May 15 formation of the União Latina organization
June 16 to July 4 - 1954 FIFA World Cup, takes place in Switzerland, where the German national football team becomes champion for the first time.
August 5 - Tonelero Street attack: It results in the murder of Major Rubens Florentino Vaz, of the Brazilian Air Force (FAB), during an attempt to assassinate journalist Carlos Lacerda. On the same day, investigations reveal the participation of a member of President Getúlio Vargas' personal guard in the attack.
August 8 - Tonelero Street attack: After Gregório Fortunato, head of the President's personal guard, confesses to being the mastermind of the crime, the Air Force takes charge of the investigations. The President's personal guard is extinct.
August 12 - In his column in Tribuna da Imprensa, Carlos Lacerda suggests that the military demand the resignation of Getúlio Vargas.
August 13 - Captured, Alcino João Nascimento, a gunman hired to assist in the attack, reveals that Benjamin Vargas, the President's brother, was the mastermind of the crime.
August 17 - Climério Euribes de Almeida, the member of the personal guard who participated in the attack, is captured.
August 22 - Manifesto of the Generals: 19 Brazilian Army generals sign the manifesto demanding the resignation of Vargas.
August 23 - Vargas meets with his ministers to analyze the political crisis that took place after the attack. It is decided that the President will go on leave until the investigations are completed.
August 24 - Military does not accept the agreement and demands the resignation. At Palácio do Catete, Getúlio Vargas commits suicide with a shot to the heart. Vice Café Filho becomes the 18th President of Brazil.
August 25 - Vargas' death causes great public commotion in Brazil, surprising his opponents.
December - Military leaders publish a document in which they support a single candidacy of "national union" for the 1955 presidential elections, in order to appease the national political crisis.
1 December - Inauguration of the Estádio da Luz of the Sport Lisboa e Benfica club, at the time the largest in Europe and the third in the world.
Military coup on the government of Paraguay.
December 8 - Foundation of the city of Mauá.
ç. - Laika, first living being to orbit Planet Earth.
February 18 – John Travolta, American actor
February 23 – Viktor Yushchenko, Ukrainian politician.
March 4 – François Fillon, French politician.
March 7 - Rosannah Fiengo, Brazilian singer.
April 1 - Pedro Paulo, procopense.
April 14 - Katsuhiro Otomo, manga author and film director.
April 18 - Sheila Gama, current mayor of Nova Iguaçu
June 14 - Muammar Z.A., Qari and Hafiz nationally and internationally.
June 30 - Serj Sargsyan, President of Armenia since 2008.
July 17 – Angela Merkel, German politician.
July 28 - Hugo Chávez, president of Venezuela.
August 17 - Andrés Pastrana, President of the Republic of Colombia from 1998 to 2002.
August 31 - Robert Kocharian, President of Armenia from 1998 to 2008.
September 1 - Filip Vujanović, president of Montenegro.
September 7th - Shirley Carvalhaes
September 21 – Shinzo Abe, Japanese politician.
November 14 - Condoleezza Rice, US Secretary of State.
December 24 – José María Figueres Olsen, president of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998.
December 25th - Manuel Luís Goucha, Television Presenter
April 5 – Martha of Sweden, Crown Princess of Norway as wife of the future King Olaf V (b. 1901)
April 10 - Auguste Lumière, one of the Lumière brothers (b. 1862)
April 28 - Léon Jouh