1962 (MCMLXII, in Roman numerals) was a common 20th century year that began on a Monday, according to the Gregorian calendar. Its Sunday letter was G. Shrove Tuesday took place on March 6th and Easter Sunday on April 22nd. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Tiger, starting on February 5th.
January 3 – Pope John XXIII excommunicates Fidel Castro.
January 9 – Cuba and the Soviet Union sign a trade pact.
January 13 – Albania allies with the People's Republic of China.
February 3 – US President John F. Kennedy approves "total embargo" against Cuba.
February 19 — Osasco is founded.
March 18 — Évian Agreements between France and the GPRA
April 10 – The city of Los Angeles hosts the first MLB baseball game at Dodger Stadium.
June 17 – Brazil wins the FIFA Soccer World Cup.
July 1 – Independence of Rwanda and Burundi.
July 5 – Independence of Algeria.
August 6 – Independence from Jamaica.
August 31 – Independence of Trinidad and Tobago.
September 19 – Santos Futebol Clube wins the first Intercontinental Cup match after winning 3–2 Sport Lisboa e Benfica.
October 9 – Uganda gains independence from the United Kingdom.
October 11 - Beginning of the Second Vatican Council, convened by Pope John XXIII who made the famous "Discourse on the Moon".
October 16 to October 28 - Cuban Missile Crisis
January 30 – Abdullah II of Jordan, King of Jordan.
February 2 - Pedro Tinoco de Faria, Portuguese soldier and businessman.
February 6 - Axl Rose, lead singer and songwriter for the hard rock band Guns N' Roses
February 10 – Cifford Lee Burton, bassist and songwriter for heavy metal band Metallica.
March 2 - Jon Bon Jovi, lead singer and songwriter for hard rock band Bon Jovi
April 19 - Asa Branca (announcer) professional rodeo announcer, Brazilian singer.
July 3 – Tom Cruise, American actor.
August 5 - João Barone, drummer of the group Os Paralamas do Sucesso
August 17 - Zezé di Camargo, singer and songwriter.
August 18 – Felipe Calderón, president of Mexico from 2006 to 2012.
September 23 - Paulo Ricardo, former vocalist of the band RPM
October 3 - Tommy Lee, drummer for the band Motley Crue
October 16 - Flea, bassist for Red Hot Chili Peppers November 1 - Anthony Kiedis, vocalist for Red Hot Chili Peppers.
November 6 - Stefano Olivato, Italian musician and multi-instrumentalist.
November 18 - Kirk Hammett, lead guitarist for Metallica
January 1 – Diego Martínez Barrio, acting president of the Second Spanish Republic in 1936 (b. 1883).
May 11 – Hans Luther, was a German politician and President of Germany in 1925 (b. 1885).
May 12 – Pedro Pablo Ramírez, president of Argentina from 1943 to 1944 (b. 1884).
June 1 – Adolf Eichmann, Nazi Germany politician and SS lieutenant colonel (b. 1906).
August 5 – Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926).
August 9 – Hermann Hesse, Nobel Prize in Literature (b. 1877).
November 12 – Roque González Garza, acting president of Mexico in 1915 (b. 1885).
November 22 – René Coty, President of France from 1954 to 1959 (b. 1882)
Physics — Lev Landau
Chemistry — John Kendrew, Max Perutz
Medicine — Francis Crick, James Watson, Maurice Wilkins
Literature — John Steinbeck
Peace — Linus Pauling
Epact and Moon Age