1995

Article

July 6, 2022

1995 (MCMXCV, in Roman numerals) was a common year of the 20th century that started on a Sunday, according to the Gregorian calendar. Its Sunday letter was A. Shrove Tuesday was on February 28 and Easter Sunday on April 16. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the year of the Pig, starting on January 31st.

Events

United Nations Year of Tolerance, by the UN. Efforts are started to inventory the movable assets of the Cathedral of Angra, Angra do Heroísmo.

January

January 1 - Inauguration of Fernando Henrique Cardoso to the Presidency of the Republic of Brazil. Austria, Finland and Sweden join the European Union. January 16 - Kobe earthquake (7.3 on the Richter scale), in Japan, kills more than 6,000 people.

February

3 February - Yitzhak Rabin, Hosni Mubarak, Yasser Arafat and King Hussein, meeting in Cairo, condemn the terrorist acts that jeopardize the Middle East peace process. February 4 - The French Socialist Party chooses Lionel Jospin as its presidential candidate. February 8 - Russia and Ukraine sign a cooperation treaty that provides for the lease of the port of Sevastopol to host the Black Sea Fleet. February 9 - The United Nations Security Council approves the creation of the international military unit Unavem III to mediate the Angolan conflict between the MPLA and UNITA. February 12 - The Taliban's military-religious movement takes control of nine of Afghanistan's thirty provinces. February 13 - Russia and Chechnya's separatist military leaders announce a partial ceasefire, following the fighting that led to the control of Grozny by Russian troops. February 17 - A formal ceasefire agreement between Ecuador and Peru is signed in Brasilia, following a territorial conflict that became known as the Cenepa War. February 21 - In Burma, government troops capture the last stronghold of Karen rebel guerrillas, near the Thai border. February 24 - The oldest financial investment institution in the UK, Barings Bank collapses due to the loss of 1400 million dollars in speculation activities on the Tokyo Stock Exchange, carried out by its broker Nick Leeson. February 27 - More than 80 people die in a car bomb explosion in Iraqi Kurdistan. The attack is attributed to the Iraqi regime's secret services. February 28 - 2200 US and Italian marines land in Somalia to protect the withdrawal of 2400 peacekeepers, ending UN peacekeeping operations.

March

March 1 - Yahoo! search site is created. March 3 - The last UN peacekeepers leave Somalia, leaving the country mired in civil war between rival clans. March 20 - Terrorist attack on five different Tokyo subway stations, using sarin gas, kills 12 people. March 25 - Mike Tyson leaves the "Indiana Youth Center" prison, where he stayed for 3 years, where he served time for rape. March 25 - 20,000 people flee Burundi for Zaire due to ethnic clashes between Hutus and Tutsis. 26 March - Approved the treaty creating the Schengen Area, with the abolition of border controls and the consequent free movement of people within the European Union. March 31 - One of American pop's greatest singers, Selena, is murdered in Texas at the height of her career, aged 23, by her publicist.

April

April 2 - The Pico do Fogo volcano in Cape Verde erupts. April 9 - Alberto Fujimori is re-elected president of Peru. April 9 - President Robert Mugabe's ZANU-PF party wins legislative elections in Zimbabwe, winning 118 of the 120 seats in parliament. April 19 - Oklahoma City Bombing: Timothy McVeigh places explosives on a car bomb that explodes in the