2005 (MMV, in Roman numerals) was an ordinary year of the 21st century that began on a Saturday, according to the Gregorian calendar. Its Sunday lyrics were B. Carnival Tuesday took place on February 8th and Easter Sunday on March 27th. According to the Chinese horoscope, it was the Year of the Rooster, starting on February 9th.
It was designated as:
The International Year of Physics
The International Year of Microcredit
The International Year of Sport and Physical Education
The Ibero-American Year of Reading
The Year of the Eucharist, by Pope John Paul II
The Year of Brazil in France
International Year of Microcredit, Sport and Physical Education and International Year of Physics, by the UN.
Inauguration of mayors and councilors in Brazil, for the period between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2008.
Turkey adopts a new currency, the new Turkish lira, which is worth 1,000,000 of the old lira.
January 6 - Beginning of Mardi Gras.
January 9 - Mahmoud Abbas is elected President of the Palestinian National Authority, succeeding Yasser Arafat.
January 11 - The game "Resident Evil 4" is released, initially exclusive to Nintendo GameCube, which would later be released for PlayStation 2.
January 14 - The Cassini-Huygens probe lands on Titan.
January 20 - Second term in office of US President George W. Bush.
January 20 - Speed limits in the Republic of Ireland change from miles per hour to kilometers per hour. All speed limit signs are changed, as are old road signs without metric distances (before the 70s).
Beginning of the World Social Forum held until 31 January in Porto Alegre, Brazil.
VASP ends its activities due to debts.
January 28 - Procter & Gamble buys Gillette in a deal worth an estimated $57 billion, creating the world's largest consumer products company.
Carnival - Beija-Flor de Nilópolis wins the tri-championship in the carioca carnival
February 1 - Tadao Chino, president of the Asian Development Bank, resigns from his post.
February 5th - Centenary of Clube do Remo
February 8 - Mardi Gras ends.
February 8 - Israel and the Palestinian Authority agree on a ceasefire.
20 February - Legislative elections in Portugal, with the victory of José Sócrates' PS.
February 14 - Youtube Foundation, and its first video
The City of São Borja in Rio Grande do Sul enters the Microregion of Santo Ângelo in Brazil
February 21 - Premiere in the United States, on Nickelodeon channel, the cartoon Avatar: The Legend of Aang.
February 25 - Russia and Iran sign Russian nuclear fuel supply agreement for future Iranian nuclear power plant.
February 27 - For the first time in 26 years of pontificate, John Paul II does not offer Sunday prayer in St. Peter's Square in the Vatican.
March 10 - Discovery of tomb KV63 in Egypt, by a team from the University of Memphis, led by Otto Schaden.
March 21 - Sam Nujoma, President of Namibia since 1990, is succeeded by Hifikepunye Pohamba
April 2 - Death of Pope John Paul II
Anti-Japanese Demonstrations in the People's Republic of China
April 8 - Hybrid Solar Eclipse (South Pacific Ocean)
April 9 - Wedding of Prince Charles and Camilla Parker Bowles.
April 19 - After four votes, the conclave elects Joseph Cardinal Ratzinger as Pope, who assumes the name of Benedict XVI.
April 20 - Alfredo Palacio assumes the Presidency of the Republic of Ecuador.
April 24 - Pope Benedict XVI officially assumes the Pontificate at the Holy Mass for the Beginning of the Petrine Ministry in St. Peter's Square in Vatican City.
26th of April - Rede Globo celebrates 40 years.
26 April - Under international pressure, Syria withdraws last 14 000 troops from Lebanon, ends